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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Rural-urban differences

Impact of Driving Cessation on Health-Related Quality of Life Trajectories
Examines the impact of driving cessation (DC) in older drivers aged 65-79 on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in rural and urban populations. Includes charts showing differences in HRQoL related to DC in metro core, metro non-core, and small town/rural areas. Discusses the impact of access to alternative transportation on mental health and HRQoL in older adults.
Author(s): Thelma J. Mielenz, Haomiao Jia, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, et al.
Citation: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 22, 13
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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Medicare Enrollees and the Part D Drug Benefit: Improving Financial Protection through the Low- Income Subsidy
Provides an overview of the Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy (LIS) program, which covers some or all Part D drug costs. Presents estimates of number of Medicare Part D enrollees who received LIS in 2020 and their characteristics, as well as Medicare beneficiaries who did and did not have prescription drug coverage but who appear to be eligible for LIS based on income and resources. Compares Medicare enrollees demographic, financial, health status, and healthcare utilization characteristics, including rurality.
Author(s): Yevgeniy Feyman, Joel Ruhter, Kenneth Finegold, et al.
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Rural Cancer Disparities from Oklahoma Cancer and Vital Records Registries 2016-2020
Evaluates cancer disparities in Oklahoma counties using 2016-2020 Oklahoma State Department of Health data, with breakdowns by urban, large rural, and small rural setting. Provides statistics, including population characteristics, on cancer incidence, specific cancers, mortality, and stage of diagnosis. Highlights concerns related to insurance coverage, cancer screening, and treatment in rural areas.
Author(s): Janis E. Campbell, Ayesha B. Sambo, Lauri A. Hunsucker, Stephanie F. Pharr, Mark P. Doescher
Citation: Cancer Epidemiology, 88, 102512
Date: 02/2024
Type: Document
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Rural Areas Experienced Renewed Population Growth Following the COVID-19 Pandemic
Line chart showing population change between 1978 and 2022 for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in addition to the U.S. total. Discusses impacts of COVID-19 pandemic.
Date: 02/2024
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Nonmetro Poverty Rates Remain Higher than Metro
Line chart showing the metropolitan and nonmetro poverty rates, as well as the nonmetro-metro gap, from 1962 through 2022.
Date: 02/2024
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Regional Variability in the Prevalence of Food Insecurity and Diet Quality among United States Children
Examines food security status (FSS), participation in the federal nutrition assistance program (FNAP), and diet quality among children in the United States. Analyzes 6,403 children aged 2 to 17 years old and discusses household food security and child food security according to rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Jayna M. Dave, Tzuan A. Chen, Alexandra N. Castro, et al.
Citation: Nutrients, 16(2), 224
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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Exploring Telemental Health Practice Before, During, and After the COVID-19 Pandemic
Presents a study on the use of telemedicine by mental health providers since the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlights the expansion of telemental health during the pandemic and how that expansion has continued in the aftermath. Breaks down data by patient and provider characteristics, as well as the rurality of providers and of the area served.
Author(s): Demi Zhu, Samantha R Paige, Henry Slone, et al.
Citation: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 30(1), 72-78
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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A Participatory Trust-Building Model for Conducting Health Equity Research With Rural and Urban Native American, Black, and Latinx Communities: WEAVE NM (Wide Engagement for Assessing Vaccine Equity in New Mexico)
Highlights an intervention that aims to increase vaccine equity, engagement, and community trust among rural and urban Black, Indigenous, and Latinx people in New Mexico. The community-based participatory research initiative explores social and cultural elements that shape engagement with the broader community and the effect this has on public health outcomes.
Author(s): Lisa Cacari Stone, Anabel Canchola, Elroy Keetso, et al.
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 114(Suppl 1), S41–S44
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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America's Rental Housing 2024
Report details rental housing access across the country. Describes the supply and demand of rental housing, as well as the cost of renting for various income earners. Compares data on the types of housing available to rent and affordability in urban, suburban, and nonmetropolitan communities.
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University
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Risk Factors on Surgical Compliance and Its Impact on Survival Outcomes in Meningioma Patients: A SEER-Based Retrospective Propensity-Score Matched Analysis
Examines the association between surgical compliance and overall survival among patients with meningioma, and identifies factors influencing surgical compliance. Utilizes 2004-2018 data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Includes data comparing urban and rural meningioma patients.
Author(s): Shengkai Yang, Hongwei Teng, Yingdan Wang, et al.
Citation: BMC Surgery, 24, 39
Date: 01/2024
Type: Document
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