Guidelines for using the Adapted Intervention Mapping (AIM) tool for planning an intervention are provided below. See Setting Priorities for a description of AIM.
Alternative planning approaches are available to help rural community networks identify evidence-based interventions. See the following modules for information on these approaches:
Role of the Community Task Force
The AIM process relies on regular meetings of a community task force. The task force is comprised of network members that are stakeholders in the target community. For example, members for a school-based obesity intervention may include representatives from the school administration, teachers, food-service staff, and parents. The responsibilities of the task force may include:
- Participating in the planning process
- Attending monthly planning meetings
- Completing project-related work outside of meetings
- Making decisions about desired interventions and implementation methods
- Participating in interviews and surveys
- Maintaining a program notebook to document the planning process
- Eventually continuing the intervention process without outside facilitation
Role of the Academic Researcher/Facilitator
AIM is facilitated by researchers who:
- Organize and lead the task force at each meeting
- Accomplish technical aspects of intervention
- Develop products for the task force members to review
- Present relevant research to the task force
Steps in Planning Interventions
During regular meetings, task force members contribute their skills and knowledge to plan the intervention. Figure 2-4 presents an overview of key planning steps to be accomplished through task force meetings.
|Process||Task Force Member Roles||Facilitator Roles|
|Map assets and assess needs||Take photographs of surroundings
Discuss behaviors and factors that may contribute to obesity in the community
Discuss behaviors and factors that may contribute to healthy behaviors
|Decide which environmental and policy changes are desired||Use information generated to brainstorm potential
Complete a changeability worksheet (Table 2-1) to rank change targets
Vote on which changes to implement
|Share national guidelines, recommendations and best practices|
|Review logistics||Who can make this change happen?
What are steps to enact the change?
What barriers might be encountered?
How can task members act and change environments to implement the change?
|Arrange subcommittees||Divide into subcommittees
May conduct pilot tests of the intervention
|Discuss program evaluation||Identify process and outcome evaluation design and measures
Anticipate the data desired by funders and stakeholders
|Discuss program adoption||Discuss how to generate knowledge and enthusiasm for the intervention|