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Rural Health Information Hub

Evidence-Based Interventions for Healthcare Providers

Interventions identified in published systematic reviews, syntheses, or meta-analyses as producing significant, positive health or behavioral outcomes and/or intermediate policy, environmental, or economic impacts based on a structured review of published high-quality, peer-reviewed studies and evaluation reports.

Provider-Oriented Interventions

  • Intervention Type: Obesity: Multicomponent Provider Interventions
    Source: U.S. Community Preventive Services Task Force
    Change type: Individual level
    Synopsis: According to the Task Force, there is insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of a range of provider-oriented interventions to prevent and/or reduce overweight and obesity. Specific strategies cited as having insufficient evidence include: provider education; provider feedback; provider reminders; provider education with a client intervention; multi-component provider interventions; and multicomponent provider interventions with a client intervention. Until better evidence exists for provider-oriented obesity interventions, none of these approaches can be defined as evidence-based.

Patient-Oriented Interventions

  • Intervention type: Physical Activity: Individually Adapted Health Behavior Change Programs
    Source: U.S. Community Preventive Services Task Force
    Change type: Individual level
    Description: The programs are tailored to each individual’s interests, preferences, and readiness for change. Skills taught include: goal-setting and self-monitoring; building social support for new behaviors; behavioral reinforcement through self-reward and positive self-talk; structured problem solving to maintain behavior change; and prevention of relapse into sedentary behavior.
  • Intervention type: Interventions for Treating Obesity in Children
    Source: The Cochrane Collaboration
    Change type: Individual level
    Description: Quality data is limited to recommend one obesity treatment program for children and adolescents over another. However, evidence shows that, compared to standard care or self-help, combined behavioral lifestyle interventions can more effectively reduce overweight in children and adolescents.