Selected recent or important resources focusing on What is Rural?.
Rural Definitions and Data: Changes after the 2020 Census
Webinar recording discusses the changes to the way rural is defined in the 2020 Census and how those changes will affect rural programs', organizations', and facilities' access to federal funding. Features presentations from representatives of the Federal Office or Rural Health Policy.
Audio Recording, Webinar Slides
Date: 11/2023 Type: Video/Multimedia Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub view details
Urban Bias in Rural Data Sets
Policy position paper discussing various classifications of rural, how these definitions may not accurately represent rural areas, and the potential implications for rural populations. Offers policy recommendations regarding rural data infrastructure and the allocation of resources using rural definitions.
Author(s): Leah Bouchard, Isela Garcia, Jacy Warrell Date: 02/2023 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association view details
Counties by Metro/Micro Area Status: 2021
Map of the United States displaying metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas by county using data from the Office and Management and Budget (OMB). Uses metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas as defined by OMB as of March 2020.
Date: 12/2022 Type: Map/Mapping System Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau view details
Redefining Urban Areas Following the 2020 Census
Provides an overview of changes made to the U.S. Census Bureau urban area criteria following the 2020 Census. Covers the minimum population threshold, housing unit density, and the decision to cease distinguishing between different types of urban areas.
Author(s): Michael Ratcliffe Date: 12/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau view details
Measuring Rurality in Health Services Research: A Scoping Review
Analyzes peer-reviewed journals between 2010 and 2020 to provide a scoping review of the different methods of rurality defined and used in health services research. Examines 103 full-text studies across various journals to observe different measures of rurality. Includes discussion about the benefits and drawbacks of the respective measures of rurality and how inconsistent use of measures impacts federal funding and the study of rural health disparities.
Author(s): Robin Danek, Justin Blackburn, Marion Greene, Olena Mazurenko, Nir Menachemi Citation: BMC Health Services Research, 22, 1340 Date: 11/2022 Type: Document view details
Defining Census Bureau Urban Areas
Provides an overview of how the Census Bureau defines urban and rural areas. Transcript available in the video description.
Date: 09/2022 Type: Video/Multimedia Sponsoring organization: U.S. Census Bureau view details
Defining Rural America: The Consequences of How We Count
Discusses several federal definitions of rural and the implications of using different definitions. Compares how U.S. Census Bureau and Office Management and Budget (OMB) characterize rural America. Offers principles on how to choose which definition to use to describe rural areas.
Date: 07/2022 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Center on Rural Innovation view details
Definition and Categorization of Rural and Assessment of Realized Access to Care
Examines Health Information National Trends Survey data to determine how 3 different definitions of rural change healthcare utilization, perceived quality, and perceived provider attentiveness metrics. Considers Urban Influence Codes (UIC), Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCC), and Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA).
Author(s): Whitney E. Zahnd, Natalie Del Vecchio, Natoshia Askelson, et al. Citation: Health Services Research, 57(3), 693-702 Date: 06/2022 Type: Document view details
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