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Rural Project Examples: Clinics

Effective Examples

Community-Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program
Updated/reviewed February 2021
  • Need: More evidenced-based chronic lower respiratory disease management options for rural Appalachia patients, where lung disease rates are among the highest in the country.
  • Intervention: Implementation of outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation programs in 2 Federally Qualified Health Centers and a Critical Access Hospital in West Virginia.
  • Results: Improved health outcomes for patients with chronic lower respiratory disease, including those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Promising Examples

funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy ARcare Aging Well Outreach Network
Updated/reviewed March 2021
  • Need: To reduce falls and improve chronic care management for adults 50 or older in rural Cross County, Arkansas.
  • Intervention: The ARcare Aging Well Outreach Network, run by an FQHC, provided services like falls prevention assessments, transportation to appointments, medication management, and senior-specific exercise opportunities.
  • Results: From May 2015 to April 2018, the network served 639 patients through 1,580 medical encounters.
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy School-Based Health Center Dental Outreach
Updated/reviewed July 2020
  • Need: To improve the oral health status of children ages 3 to 17 living in underserved rural areas of Louisiana.
  • Intervention: School-based nurse practitioners perform oral health assessments, apply fluoride varnishes when indicated, and make dental referrals, with completion rates of the latter tracked by dental case managers.
  • Results: Significant numbers of school children are receiving oral health examinations, fluoride varnish applications, and receiving care coordination to improve numbers of completed dental appointments.
Closing Preventive Care Gaps in Underserved Areas
Updated/reviewed June 2020
  • Need: Address the need to increase cancer screening rates as well as other preventive care measures in Appalachian Kentucky, a region with high cancer incidence and mortality rates, and noted health disparities.
  • Intervention: Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) and an academic center partnered to adapt and implement an office-based intervention, building on existing primary care resources to decrease gaps in preventive care measures, including cancer screenings.
  • Results: After intervention implementation, White House Clinics saw a marked increase in various preventive care measures, including screenings for cancer, human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C.
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Healthy Outcomes Integration Team
Updated/reviewed December 2019
  • Need: To provide integrated treatment planning and coordinated healthcare services to rural residents.
  • Intervention: The Healthy Outcomes Integration Team was designed to treat adults who have a serious mental health condition and those who have, or are at risk of developing, chronic health conditions.
  • Results: Clients received coordinated care, substance abuse treatment, crisis services, and wellness planning. Many also improved their physical health outcomes.
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy TeleStroke/Vascular Neurology Patient Navigator Program
Added March 2019
  • Need: Improve post-hospital stroke care access in order to improve physical function and well-being for stroke patients living in a 6-county area in rural Minnesota.
  • Intervention: Implementation of an evidence-based patient navigator program paired with telehealth services for post-hospital care of rural stroke patients.
  • Results: In addition to other successes, more than 120 individuals enrolled in the navigator program, the Modified Rankin Score assessments at baseline and 6 months showed functional improvements.

Other Project Examples

funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy La Red Health Center
Updated/reviewed December 2020
  • Need: Meeting the health care needs of the uninsured and underinsured population of Sussex County, Delaware.
  • Intervention: La Red Health Center was created to offer culturally competent primary and preventative care to children and adults, regardless of ability to pay.
  • Results: La Red Health Center (LRHC) serves thousands of residents at four clinical sites, a school-based wellness center and through a collaborative effort with a local senior center.
funded by the Health Resources Services Administration West Virginia's Partners In Health Network Regional Collaborative Services
Updated/reviewed September 2020
  • Need: Coordinated approach to healthcare delivery in central and southern West Virginia.
  • Intervention: Creation of a nonprofit organization that focused on quality and collaboration.
  • Results: With an ability to provide services that meet the evolving needs of patients, providers, and communities, the organization provides unique services, such as a credentialing service and web-based data sharing care management tool.
funded by the Health Resources Services Administration MORE Care
Updated/reviewed July 2020
  • Need: To improve rural residents' oral healthcare.
  • Intervention: MORE Care creates interprofessional oral health networks to 1) better integrate oral health into primary healthcare and 2) coordinate oral health between primary and dental healthcare.
  • Results: MORE Care has led to increases in fluoride varnish administration, improvement in interprofessional communication, and patients' improved self-management of their daily oral health.
funded by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy My Virtual Clinic School-Based Telehealth Program
Updated/reviewed May 2020
  • Need: Improve healthcare access for school-aged children in a rural and underserved Indiana county.
  • Intervention: Working with several rural school districts and the state's rural health association, an Indiana county healthcare system used school-based telehealth to expand access for acute illness.
  • Results: As of May 2019, Greene County General Hospital in rural Linton, Indiana, has expanded primary care access by offering school-based telehealth in 2 elementary and 1 middle school in 3 of the county's 5 school districts.