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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Food security and nutrition

Household Food Insecurity Across Race and Ethnicity in the United States, 2016–21
Provides sociodemographic data on household food insecurity in the United States from 2016 to 2021. Includes data breakdowns according to race/ethnicity, household composition, poverty, employment status, education level, geographic region, metro versus nonmetro location, and more.
Author(s): Laura J. Hales, Alisha Coleman-Jensen
Date: 04/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Utilizing Public Transportation to End Food Insecurity in Rural and Small Urban Areas by Providing Better Access: A Case Study of Rural Counties in North Dakota
Analyzes the impact of public transportation in addressing food insecurity in rural and urban areas of North Dakota. Provides county and ZIP-code level sociodemographic data on population changes, food insecurity, poverty, and more. Includes discussion about causes of food insecurity in rural areas.
Author(s): Dilip Mistry, Jill Hough
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute
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How Community-Based Organizations Expand Access to Summer Meals through Non-Congregate Feeding
A recorded webinar that discusses how organizations collaborated to provide non-congregate meals in rural areas during the summer months. Includes information on mobile meals, grab-and-go options, bulk distributions, and take-home meals.
Date: 03/2024
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: No Kid Hungry
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Schools Bringing Summer Meals to Kids: Learnings & Promising Practices from Non-Congregate Feeding
A recorded webinar that provides case studies from 3 school districts who successfully operated a mobile non-congregate meal program in rural areas during the summer months.
Date: 03/2024
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: No Kid Hungry
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Interim Final Rule on Non-Congregate Summer Meals: What It Means for You This Summer
A recorded webinar that discusses the interim final rule (IFR) on non-congregate summer meals in rural areas. Provides information on definitions, eligibility, and allowable models and flexibilities.
Date: 03/2024
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: No Kid Hungry
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Successful Non-Congregate Meal Service Models for Rural Areas: Implementation Guide (2024 Update)
Provides models that inform implementation of non-congregate meal services in rural areas. Includes background on policy decisions and legislative definitions.
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: No Kid Hungry
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IEUBK Modeling of Children's Blood Lead Levels in Homes Served by Private Domestic Wells in Three Illinois Counties
Examines the potential for elevated blood lead levels (BLL) due to consuming water from private wells in rural areas by utilizing Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) modeling. Analyzes the water lead levels (WLLs) in 151 homes located in Illinois and discusses water safety for rural children.
Author(s): Sarah Keeley, Samuel Dorevitch, Walton Kelly, David E. Jacobs, Sarah D. Geiger
Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 21(3), 337
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Factors Associated with Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Young Children – United States, 2021
Analyzes sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake among children 1-5 years old across sociodemographic and household factors. Provides data on SSB intake according to age, sex, race/ethnicity, maternal age of mother, household income, education level, household language, food security, metropolitan statistical area (MSA) status, and more.
Author(s): Mary Ellen Grap, Heather C. Hamner, Carrie Dooyema, Adi Noiman, Sohyun Park
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 21
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
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Utilizing the USDA's National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey to Calculate a Household-Level Food Environment Measure
Offers the Food Retail Environment Healthfulness Quality measure, a calculation measuring a household's exposure to healthy food retail spaces. Uses the measure to show rural and urban comparisons of distance to healthy food options in addition to demographic analysis.
Author(s): Michele Ver Ploeg, Benjamin Scharadin, Lauren Miller, Jeffrey Gonzalez, Rodney Odom
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Evaluation of the USDA Summer EBT Demonstrations: Lessons Learned From More Than a Decade of Research
Reports results of the Summer EBT (Electronic Benefits Transfer) demonstration project, 2015-2018 and 2019-2022. Describes Summer EBT use patterns, nutritional value, and effect on childhood food insecurity. Identifies strategies for better program planning, implementation, and administration. Discusses program operation and challenges in tribal organizations and rural communities.
Additional links: 2015-2018 Evaluation, 2019-2022 Evaluation, Summary
Author(s): René Nutter, Ayesha Enver, Maria Boyle, et al.
Date: 03/2024
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: USDA Food and Nutrition Service
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