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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health disparities

Bridging the Rural–Urban Health-Care Divide Through Community Research Partnerships
Highlights a health equity program that partners researchers with a remote indigenous community. Discusses the Siamit program in a remote, predominately Iñupiat, region of Alaska that partners with Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital working to advance health equity.
Author(s): Lucas Trout, Margaret Smith, Linda Joule, Stuart Harris
Citation: Nature
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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Cross-sectional Population-Based Estimates of a Rural-Urban Disparity in Prevalence of Long COVID Among Michigan Adults With Polymerase Chain Reaction-Confirmed COVID-19, 2020–2022
Explores the potential correlation between rurality and experiencing long COVID. Uses the Michigan COVID-19 Recovery Surveillance Study to compare COVID recovery times in rural and urban areas. Breaks down data by age, socioeconomic status, and access to healthcare, among other measures.
Author(s): Colleen L. MacCallum-Bridges, Jana L. Hirschtick, Kristi L. Allgood, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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The Impact of Rural General Hospital Closures on Communities—A Systematic Review of the Literature
Presents a literature review of studies on the health and economic effects hospital closures have had on rural communities. Analyzes 21 studies completed in the previous 8 years and details the economic and healthcare access outcomes identified.
Author(s): Carol A. Mills, Valerie A. Yeager, Kathleen T. Unroe, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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2023 National Veteran Suicide Prevention Annual Report
Report highlights the rate of suicide among veterans and the VA's role in suicide prevention. Discusses the causes of veteran suicide, the effect the COVID-19 pandemic has had on suicide rates, and the steps the VA is taking for suicide prevention. Breaks down rates of suicide by gender, contact with the VHA, and rurality, among other factors.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
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Impact of Geography and Rurality on Preconception Health Status in the United States
Examines preconception health risk and disparities in women aged 18 to 44 years according to health factors, health behaviors, and sociodemographics. Utilizes 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data to assess for preconception health risk with results broken down by race, age, education, insurance status, income, rural versus urban, and regional location.
Author(s): Madison D. Haiman, Catherine Cubbin
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 20
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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The U.S. Playbook to Address Social Determinants of Health
Provides an overview of social determinants of health (SDOH) and the links between SDOH and health outcomes. Describes federal actions to date to address SDOH and outlines a set of framework actions that federal agencies are undertaking to support health by improving the social circumstances of individuals and communities. Highlights federal programs, toolkits, and guidance that front-line workers and organizations can use to improve the delivery of health and social services. Includes rural and tribal references throughout.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The White House
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Advancing Health Equity in Rural, Tribal, and Geographically Isolated Communities: FY2023 Year in Review
Summarizes Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) activities in fiscal year 2023 to advance health equity for people living in rural, tribal, and geographically isolated communities. Covers six priority focus areas: applying a community-informed geographic lens; increasing the collection and use of standardized data; strengthening and supporting healthcare professionals; optimizing medical and communication technology; expanding access to comprehensive healthcare coverage, benefits, and services and supports; and driving innovation and value-based care.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Substance Use Among Rural Adolescents With Incarcerated Parents: Evidence From a State-Wide Sample
Presents a study on the potential correlation between parental incarceration and rural adolescent substance use. Draws data from the 2019 Minnesota Student Survey and breaks down findings by age, household substance use, and poverty, among other factors.
Author(s): Luke Muentner, Katie K. McLaughlin, Rebecca Shlafer
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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Amid Unwinding of Pandemic-Era Policies, Medicaid Programs Continue to Focus on Delivery Systems, Benefits, and Reimbursement Rates: Results from an Annual Medicaid Budget Survey for State Fiscal Years 2023 and 2024
Examines changes taking place in Medicaid programs in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Features sections on delivery systems, provider rates and taxes, benefits, pharmacy and prescription drugs, and telehealth. Highlights challenges posed by the unwinding of COVID-19 Public Health Emergency (PHE), as well as other challenges and priorities.
Author(s): Elizabeth Hinton, Elizabeth Williams, Jada Raphael, et al.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: KFF
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A Catchment and Location-Allocation Analysis of Mammography Access in Delaware, US: Implications for Disparities in Geographic Access to Breast Cancer Screening
Examines breast cancer disparities and screening access in representative urban and rural counties in Delaware. Analyzes demographic makeup of population, availability of transportation, and sites for mammography and breast imaging. Includes maps of screening locations and travel times to available facility as well as recommendations for additional facilities in areas with geographic or racial screening disparities.
Author(s): Jessica L. Webster, Neal D. Goldstein, Jennifer P. Rowland, Catherine M. Tuite, Scott D. Siegel
Citation: Breast Cancer Research, 25, 137
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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