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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health disparities

America's Health Rankings Annual Report 2023
Provides a national and state-by-state overview of population health by analyzing 49 measures to describe and rank health outcomes in the U.S. and 38 additional measures used to track current and emerging health issues at state and national levels. Analyzes and presents data on disparities by geography and demographic characteristics throughout, including data on American Indian/Alaska Native populations and metropolitan status.
Additional links: Executive Brief
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: United Health Foundation
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The Need for Better Definitions and Data on "Rural" in Health Services Research
Blog post discussing the various definitions of rural used by the federal government. Describes how the different definitions of rural can complicate understanding health disparities between and within rural areas. Offers policy recommendations for standardizing rural definitions, data collection, and research methodologies to improve health equity.
Author(s): Kayla Alvis
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AcademyHealth
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Hospitals' Electronic Access to Information Needed to Treat COVID-19
Explores acute care hospitals' ability to access electronic access to information necessary to treat COVID-19 patients in 2021. Examines differences in information availability by hospital characteristics, including rurality and Critical Access Hospital (CAH) status, and engagement in interoperable exchange.
Author(s): Chelsea Richwine, Jordan Everson, Vaishali Patel
Citation: JAMIA Open, 6(4)
Date: 12/2023
Type: Document
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2023 Rural-Urban Disparities in Health Care in Medicare
Examines rural/urban differences in the quality of healthcare received by Medicare beneficiaries in 2022, with breakdowns by race and ethnicity. Focuses on patient experience and clinical care measures, including screening for and management of health conditions, medication-related issues, and access to and availability of care.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, RAND Corporation
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CDC Office of Rural Health At-a-Glance
An information sheet that describes the role of rural public health, rural health disparities, and strategies the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Office of Rural Health is developing to address inequities in rural health.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: CDC Office of Rural Health
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Still Searching: Meeting Oral Health Needs in Rural Settings
Report discusses oral health access in rural areas. Compares barriers to care in rural, suburban, and urban communities. Highlights teledentistry use and insurance rates, among other factors.
Author(s): Paige Martin, Morgan Santoro, Lisa J. Heaton, et al.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: CareQuest Institute for Oral Health
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Prostate Cancer Screening and Strategies, Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2012–2020
Examines prostate screening from 2012 to 2020 among men living in Florida. Utilizes the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to analyze prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening percentages by county for men aged 18 or older. Discusses screening disparities related to Black men.
Author(s): Dottington Fullwood, Justine Gunderson, Brandon Snipe, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 20
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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Distance as a Barrier to HIV Testing Among Sexual and Gender Minority Populations in the Rural Southern Us: A Cross-sectional Study
Explores the role distance plays in access to HIV testing for gay, transgender, and gender non-conforming people in the rural southern U.S. Breaks down data by age, race, and distance traveled to receive care, among other measures.
Author(s): Alyssa Clausen, Rob B Stephenson, Patrick S Sullivan, et al.
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 23(4), 8227
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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Early Estimates of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities And Fatality Rate by Sub-Categories Through June 2023
Presents projections of traffic fatalities and the fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles traveled for the first half of 2023. Breaks down data by month, age, race, and by rural versus urban roads, among other measures. Compares 2022 fatality data to 2023 rates by month for a number of indicators, including rural areas.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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Understanding Rural-Urban Differences in Veterans' Internet Access Use, and Patient Preferences for Telemedicine
Report breaks down differences in internet access, use, and opinions about telehealth for rural and urban veterans. Bases findings on interviews with eligible veterans and highlights veterans' experiences with telehealth.
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Veterans Health Administration's Office of Rural Health
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