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Education and Training of the Rural Healthcare Workforce – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Education and Training of the Rural Healthcare Workforce.

RN-to-BSN Programs: Challenges for Rural Nurse Education
Results of a survey of 237 schools with active RN-to-BSN programs, to ascertain the current status of rural-focused nursing education. Features statistics on proportion of RN-to-BSN students drawn from rural areas, student recruitment methods, barriers to recruiting students, availability of online courses, and challenges in online courses.
Author(s): Selina H. McKinney, Janice C. Probst, Eboni Haynes
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center
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Mayo Clinic Joins the National Effort to Train Tomorrow's Rural Surgeons
Describes challenges facing rural surgery, including workforce shortages, outlines the Mayo Clinic's development of a rural general surgery track, and identifies lessons learned in the first three years of the Mayo Clinic's program. Compares competencies required for rural surgeons and those in urban areas.
Author(s): Randy C. Lehman, Brandon G. Douglass, Stephanie F. Heller, Michael C. Roskos
Citation: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons, 104(10)
Date: 10/2019
Type: Document
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Use of Apprenticeship to Meet Demand for Medical Assistants in the U.S.
Reports findings from a study of registered medical assistant (MA) apprenticeship programs in 12 states. Discusses the workforce needs these programs may help address, including workforce needs in rural communities. Describes the programs and discusses challenges with starting and maintaining MA apprenticeship programs.
Additional links: Policy Brief
Author(s): Andrew D. Jopson, Susan M. Skillman, Bianca K. Frogner
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: UW Center for Health Workforce Studies
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Family Medicine Rural Training Track Residencies: Risks and Resilience
Results of a study to understand threats to rural training track (RTT) program sustainability and resilience factors that help RTTs to thrive.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, David Schmitz, Randall L. Longenecker
Citation: Family Medicine, 51(8), 649-656
Date: 09/2019
Type: Document
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Expanding the Native American Health Care Workforce
Offers recommendations for increasing the number of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) medical school applicants, students, and graduates based on a summit, Populating the Native Health Care Workforce with American Indian and Alaska Native Physicians. Discusses the distribution of AI/AN physicians and the need for more AI/AN physicians to address health workforce shortages and disparities in Indian Country.
Date: 08/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Association of American Indian Physicians, Association of American Medical Colleges, UnitedHealth Group
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Rural Health Workforce Education and Training
Summary of a March 2019 Twitter chat focused on rural healthcare workforce training and education. Documents a conversation among rural health experts discussing rural provider shortages and the challenges training, recruiting, and retaining a rural healthcare workforce.
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Examining the Cost Effectiveness of Teaching Health Centers
Examines areas where the Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education (THCGME) program can produce savings, focusing on physician spending for patient encounters during and after residency training and patient Medicaid and Medicare insurance coverage. Identifies the location of THCGME programs and highlights program outcomes, including the percent of graduates who work in rural and underserved areas and practice primary care.
Author(s): Candice Chen, Leighton Ku, Marsha Regenstein, Fitzhugh Mullan
Date: 03/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: George Washington University Department of Health Policy and Management, RCHN Community Health Foundation
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Report to Congress: Current State of Technology-Enabled Collaborative Learning and Capacity Building Models
Reports on the impact of technology-enabled collaborative learning and capacity building models as required by the Expanding Capacity for Health Outcomes (ECHO) Act. Examines how such models are being used to improve healthcare quality and address health workforce capacity, particularly in rural areas, the evidence behind model effectiveness, and evidence gaps. Provides recommendations on expanding model adoption and its use in continuing medical education. Appendix includes an inventory of Project ECHO models and other similar models by state and in several other countries.
Additional links: Appendix
Date: 02/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Addressing Rural Workforce Shortages and Healthcare Disparities: An Annotated Bibliography
Report designed to inform policy discussions and future publications concerning healthcare disparities and outcomes, the distribution of physicians in rural areas, and the graduate medical education system financing. Also includes sections on rural hospital closures, social determinants of health, and healthcare safety net facilities. Constructed from a literature review, expert-recommended articles, and a search of white and grey literature.
Author(s): Dara Khatib, Alison Huffstetler, Andrew Bazemore
Date: 02/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Robert Graham Center
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Planting TREES in Rural Places: Training and Rural Health Professions Education that is Community Engaged and Sustainable
Outlines a process for academic-community engagement and decision-making for residency education. Details benefits to hospitals and local communities, and contains tools and other resources to promote exploration and consideration of the perspectives of many people and interested parties.
Author(s): Randall Longenecker, David Schmitz
Date: 01/2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RTT Collaborative
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Rural Medicine Realities: The Impact of Immersion on Urban-Based Medical Students
Results of a study conducted in 2017 at the University of Louisville School of Medicine Trover (ULTC) rural campus, to determine how a rural-based 8-week surgical clerkship during the third year of medical school affected students' views on rural living and practice.
Author(s): Allison M. Crump, Karie Jeter, Samantha Mullins, et al.
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 35(1), 42-48
Date: 01/2019
Type: Document
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What Medical Students Need to Know About Training for a Career in Rural Surgery
Addresses the need for rural general surgery residencies and describes what medical students should look for when choosing one. Provides a list of 12 verified rural surgical residencies.
Author(s): Matthew B. Rossi
Citation: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons, 104(1), 72-74
Date: 01/2019
Type: Document
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Report to Congress: Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education Direct and Indirect Training Expenses Report
Provides an overview of the Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education (THCGME) program and describes costs involved in its efforts to improve distribution of primary care providers in rural and underserved areas. Features statistics including estimated costs of training a THC resident in FY 2017 dollars, with breakdowns by rural and nonrural location.
Date: 2019
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Bureau of Health Workforce
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Federal Support for Graduate Medical Education: An Overview
Examines how federal programs support graduate medical education for physicians, including available data on funding and the number of physicians in training. Addresses how GME support is used to address physician shortages in rural areas, data available on program effectiveness, and data gaps.
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Congressional Research Service
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Mizzou Educates the Next Generation of Rural Providers through Lectures, Clerkships, and Community Integration
Features the University of Missouri School of Medicine's MU AHEC Rural Track Pipeline Program, which prepares medical students and residents for rural practice through a lecture series, rural clerkships, and a community integration project.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 12/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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AACOM 2017-18 Academic Year Survey of Graduating Seniors Summary
Results of a survey of 4,894 expected 2018 graduates from 34 colleges of osteopathic medicine and branch campuses. Topics include medical education debt and scholarships, graduate medical education plans, and percentages of students who plan to practice in rural underserved or shortage areas.
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine
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Cultivating Country Doctors: Preparing Learners for Rural Life and Community Leadership
Explores how selected medical school and residency programs develop students' competencies related to rural life, community engagement, and community leadership.
Author(s): Sarah B. Thach, Bryan Hodge, Misty Cox, Anna Beth Parlier-Ahmad, Shelley L. Galvin
Citation: Family Medicine, 50(9), 685-690
Date: 10/2018
Type: Document
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Strengthening the Workforce to Improve Pregnancy Outcomes in Rural Areas
Highlights rural workforce initiatives related to maternity and childbirth services and discusses strategies to improve rural pregnancy outcomes. Features a training program at a Critical Access Hospital in Alaska and a rural OB-GYN residency program in Wisconsin.
Author(s): Allee Mead
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 07/2018
Type: Document
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What Makes Physician Assistant (PA) Training Programs Successful at Training Rural PAs?
Results of a study analyzing characteristics of PA programs producing high proportions of graduates who choose rural practice, using data collected from 173 programs from November 2015 through January 2016. Features statistics with breakdowns by rurally oriented and non-rurally oriented programs and those with high and low rural productivity.
Date: 06/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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The Rural Osteopathic Medical Education Program: Training Students for Life and Practice in Rural and Underserved Communities
Slide presentation from the RTT Collaborative 2018 Annual Meeting. Describes components of the University of North Texas Health Science Center rural osteopathic program, including curriculum, clinical experiences, research opportunities, and international rotations.
Author(s): John Gibson, Stacy Abraham
Date: 04/2018
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: RTT Collaborative
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Physician Workforce: HHS Needs Better Information to Comprehensively Evaluate Graduate Medical Education Funding
Describes what is known about Graduate Medical Education (GME) costs, including the amount, type, and distribution of spending, and examines the extent to which the federal government collects GME-related information. Includes statistics on federal spending on GME in 2015, and information on which GME payment programs track whether residents are from rural areas, received training in rural areas, or went on to practice in rural areas.
Additional links: Full Report
Author(s): James Cosgrove, William Hadley, Christine Brudevold, Katherine Mack, A. Elizabeth Dobrenz, et al.
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Government Accountability Office
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Graduate Medical Education Outcomes and Metrics: Proceedings of a Workshop
Presentations and discussions from a workshop held October 10-11, 2017 in Washington, DC. Topics include outcomes of Graduate Medical Education (GME), metrics used to track GME outcomes, mechanisms for collecting, analyzing, and reporting data, and suggestions for further work to accomplish this goal.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Payal Martin, Mariana Zindel, Sharyl Nass
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Washington Program Trains Dental Super-Generalists to Serve Rural Communities
Features the University of Washington School of Dentistry's Regional Initiatives in Dental Education (RIDE) program. Describes how the program is structured to create a "super-generalist" able to meet oral health needs in rural and underserved areas. Discusses the program's success placing graduates in rural locations.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Date: 03/2018
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Competence Revisited in a Rural Context
Results of a national survey of 171 undergraduate and graduate medical educators and practicing physicians, with the goal of developing a list of competency domains for working in rural communities and assessing their importance in education and practice.
Author(s): Randall L. Longenecker, Andrea Wendling, Joyce Hollander-Rodriguez, John Bowling, David Schmitz
Citation: Family Medicine, 50(1), 28-35
Date: 01/2018
Type: Document
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Rural Medical Education Programs: A Proposed Nomenclature
Outlines the history of rural medical education program definitions and discusses the benefits of having a consistent nomenclature for the graduate medical education community.
Author(s): Randall Longenecker
Citation: Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 9(3), 283-286
Date: 06/2017
Type: Document
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Rural Family Medicine Outcomes at the University of Minnesota Medical School Duluth
Analysis of 1972-2009 graduates of the Duluth medical school, an institution emphasizing family medicine and service to American Indian communities, showing how gender, race, age, and hometown relate to family medicine specialty, rural practice, and rural family medicine practice. Includes demographic statistics by decade, with breakdowns by rural and urban hometowns.
Author(s): Anna Fuglestad, Jacob Prunuske, Ronald Regal, et al.
Citation: Family Medicine, 49(5), 388-393
Date: 05/2017
Type: Document
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Towards the Development of a National Strategic Plan for Graduate Medical Education: 23rd Report
Recommends changes in graduate medical education to address issues including low numbers of medical students from rural backgrounds and sparse supply of physicians in most rural areas.
Author(s): Candice Chen, Kennita R. Carter, Joan Weiss, Ray Bingham, Andrew Sanderson
Date: 04/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Council on Graduate Medical Education
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Project ECHO: Expanding the Capacity of Primary Care Providers to Address Complex Conditions
Provides an overview of the history, development, and expansion of Project ECHO in rural and underserved areas of the U.S., including at Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs). Project Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) uses videoconferencing to teach primary care providers in rural areas to provide more complex care and uses a hub-and-spoke model to support collaborative learning.
Author(s): Amy Madore, Julie Rosenberg, Rebecca Weintraub
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School
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Learning by Doing: The MD-PA Interprofessional Education Rural Rotation
Describes the Combined Medical-Physician Assistant Student Rural Rotation (Med-PARR) program at the Oregon Health & Science University, in which pairs of third-year MD students and second-year PA students spend 5 weeks together in a primary-care-focused clinical rotation in a rural area.
Author(s): Ryan Palmer, Curt Stilp
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 17(1), 4167
Date: 03/2017
Type: Document
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Understanding the Importance of Medical Student Clerkships in Poor Health Outcome Regions Served by Area Health Education Centers (AHECs) in Impoverished Locations of Southern United States
Highlights the importance of Area Health Education Centers (AHECs) in providing valuable community-based training for health professional students intending to work in rural or underserved areas to help them understand the factors and the barriers affecting positive health outcomes. Discusses how training or clerkships in areas such as the Southern Black Belt can bridge the gap between healthcare professionals and diverse patient populations.
Author(s): Ashruta Patel
Citation: Archives of Public Health, 75(7)
Date: 02/2017
Type: Document
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Health Professions Education Programs: Preparing the Next Generation of Health Professionals to Meet the Nation's Health Care Needs, FY 2018
Overview of the Title VII and Title VIII health professions federal programs designed to train providers in interdisciplinary settings to meet the needs of special and underserved populations, as well as increase minority representation in the health care workforce.
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of American Medical Colleges
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Rural Training Track Programs: A Guide to the Medicare Requirements
Provides guidance to urban hospitals, rural hospitals, and rural nonhospital clinical training sites on how to take part in a Rural Training Track (RTT) to train residents to practice in rural areas. Explains how hospitals can receive additional payments from Medicare to train residents in an RTT program, beyond the graduate medical education (GME) caps in place since 1996.
Date: 2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Association of American Medical Colleges
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Rural Health IT Workforce Program Sourcebook
Reports the results for 15 network grantees funded under the Rural Health Information Technology Workforce Program in the 2013-2016 funding cycle. Discusses goals of the program related to developing and enhancing rural-focused HIT training programs. Summarizes program successes and challenges, as well as student enrollment and retention results. Includes brief program profiles.
Additional links: Part 2: Excel Spreadsheet
Date: 09/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Federal Office of Rural Health Policy, National Rural Health Resource Center
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Do Residencies That Aim to Produce Rural Family Physicians Offer Relevant Training?
Examines the differences in skills training and program content for allopathic, osteopathic, and dual-accredited family medicine residency programs that offer rural-centric training tracks. Also examines rural/urban training configurations and the differences in requirements for time spent training in rural locations.
Author(s): David V. Evans, Davis G. Patterson, Holly A. Andrilla, David Schmitz, Randall Longenecker
Citation: Family Medicine, 48(8), 596-602
Date: 09/2016
Type: Document
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Veterans Choice Act: Update on the VA GME Expansion
Overview of the scope, funding priorities, legislative priorities, and types of assistance available for expansion of Graduate Medical Education through the Veterans Access, Choice, & Accountability Act (VACAA). Emphasizes impact on smaller communities and underserved areas. Slides from a presentation at the RTT Collaborative annual meeting in Denver, Colorado, Feb. 24-26, 2016.
Author(s): Kathleen Klink, Edward Bope
Date: 02/2016
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: RTT Collaborative
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Family Medicine Rural Training Track Residencies: 2008-2015 Graduate Outcomes
Policy brief tracking practice outcomes of family physicians who completed graduate medical education in Rural Training Track (RTT) residency programs. Features statistics on 253 RTT graduates, including background characteristics and percentage practicing in rural areas and Primary Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) 1-7 years after graduation.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, David Schmitz, Randall Longenecker, C. Holly A. Andrilla
Date: 02/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Which Physician Assistant Training Programs Produce Rural PAs? A National Study
Policy brief reporting results of a study to identify physician assistant (PA) training programs that produced high proportions or high numbers of rural PAs from 2000 to 2012, and characteristics of those programs. Features statistics including breakdowns by type of college or university, location by rural or urban area and census region, and includes names of colleges producing the greatest number of rurally located graduates.
Author(s): Eric H. Larson, Holly Andrilla, Caitlin Morrison, Stefanie Ostergard, Anita Glicken
Date: 02/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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The Feasibility and Acceptability of Administering a Telemedicine Objective Structured Clinical Exam as a Solution for Providing Equivalent Education to Remote and Rural Learners
Describes implementation of a pilot program to effectively and efficiently assess distance medical students' clinical skills in rural areas.
Author(s): Ryan T. Palmer, Frances E. Biagioli, Jasminka Mujcic, et al.
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 15(4), 3399
Date: 12/2015
Type: Document
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Graduates of Teaching Health Centers Are More Likely to Enter Practice in the Primary Care Safety Net
Assesses whether primary care graduates of Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education (THCGME) programs are more likely than other physicians to begin practicing in rural or underserved settings.
Author(s): Andrew Bazemore, Peter Wingrove, Stephen Petterson, et al.
Date: 11/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Robert Graham Center
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Access to Health Information Technology Training Programs at the Community College Level
Examines health information technology (HIT) workforce training programs in community colleges to better understand how these programs may be reaching underserved populations with limited access to training. Identifies barriers faced by these programs to help HIT training programs strengthen the HIT workforce in rural areas.
Author(s): Susan M. Skillman, Davis G. Patterson, C. Holly A. Andrilla, Susan Fenton, Caitlin Morrison
Date: 11/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: WWAMI Rural Health Research Center
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Higher Education and Workforce Development in Tribal Communities and the Role of Tribal HPOG
Discusses barriers to education and employment for American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Provides data on AI/AN representation in healthcare professions and describes health career educational opportunities and programs. Describes training and employment outcomes of the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) program.
Author(s): Michael Meit, Katherine Meyer, Tess Gilbert, et al.
Date: 07/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Administration for Children and Families
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Teaching Hospitals: Preparing Tomorrow's Physicians Today
Provides an overview of the value teaching hospitals bring in rural and urban areas, serving as training centers to prepare physicians in clinical settings, provide specialty training and specialty services, engage in research and innovation, and prepare healthcare professionals to adapt to changes in the healthcare environment. Discusses the federal (Medicare and Medicaid) financial support mechanisms teaching hospitals receive and the impact this support has on the increased cost of clinical training of new physicians.
Date: 06/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Courting Preceptors: How to Invite, Engage, and Support Community Preceptors
Provides strategies for recruiting clinicians to serve as preceptors for rural healthcare educational experiences. Includes examples of concerns potential preceptors may have and how to address them. Discusses how to support preceptors in their role and keep them engaged. Slides from a presentation at the RTT Collaborative annual meeting.
Author(s): Lori Rodefeld, Kara Traxler
Date: 05/2015
Type: Presentation Slides
Sponsoring organization: RTT Collaborative
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Graduate Medical Education Financing: Sustaining Medical Education in Rural Places
A policy brief reporting on the financial situation of rural training track (RTT) residency programs, including their sources of funding, expenses, and the relationship between urban RTT sponsors and rural program sites.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, David Schmitz, Randall Longenecker, David Squire, Susan M. Skillman
Date: 05/2015
Type: Document
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Teaching Health Centers: A Promising Approach for Building Primary Care Workforce for the 21st Century
Provides information about Teaching Health Centers (THC), including the number of physicians choosing primary care following residency, location of practice, number of patients served by THCs, and characteristics of patients. Also discusses the impact that loss of federal funding may have on this graduate medical education training program.
Author(s): Leighton Ku, Fitzhugh Mullan, Cristine Serrano, Zoe Barber, Peter Shin
Date: 03/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: George Washington University Department of Health Policy and Management
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Rural Student Profiles
Profiles four students who have used distance education to advance their careers and better serve their communities.
Author(s): Kate Menzies
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Education at a Distance: Virtual Classrooms Bring Healthcare Classes to Rural Areas
Highlights three university programs that are using distance education to allow professionals to stay in their rural communities while earning a degree.
Author(s): Kate Menzies
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 02/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Community Engaged Residency Education in Rural Places (CERE-R): Conducting a Rural Residency Capacity and Sustainability Assessment
Outlines a process for discerning community capacity for residency education, building on the assets of rural places and the expertise of communities and medical educators to meet the healthcare needs of rural people. Includes a template for exploring community assets, a capacity inventory of resources, sample documents, and lists of resources.
Author(s): Randall Longenecker, David Schmitz
Date: 2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: RTT Collaborative
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Emergency Medical Services Leadership Education: A State-by-State Compendium of EMS Leadership Development Education
Results of a survey of 48 National Association of State EMS Officials (NASEMSO) member states and territories. Features statistics including breakdowns by type of EMS education program, target audience, instructional methodology, incentives for participation, funding sources, and certification benefits.
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Association of State EMS Officials
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Twenty-Second Report: The Role of Graduate Medical Education in the New Health Care Paradigm
Presents seven recommendations from the Council on Graduate Medical Education (COGME) regarding the expansion of Graduate Medical Education training. Suggests expanding GME clinical training into ambulatory and community settings, and ensuring accountability including providing rural and underserved practice locations. Discusses the need for increased funding for GME, and providing future physicians with the training and skills needed for emerging care delivery systems.
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Council on Graduate Medical Education
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An Interview with Robert T. Trachtenberg
Presents an interview with Robert Trachtenberg, the Executive Director of the National AHEC Organization who discusses its evolution, and how AHECs build the rural healthcare workforce.
Author(s): Beth Blevins
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 11/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Transforming Interprofessional Health Education and Practice: Moving Learners from the Campus to the Community to Improve Population Health
13th Annual Report to the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and the Congress of the United States. Examines how health professions education and healthcare delivery can be transformed through interprofessional collaboration and community-based learning. Presents four recommendations for health professions educators, policymakers, and funders. Includes sections on the Quentin N. Burdick Program for Rural Interdisciplinary Training, Area Health Education Centers, and educational support for health professionals serving in underserved communities.
Date: 10/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Advisory Committee on Interdisciplinary Community-Based Linkages
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Building Health Workforce Capacity Through Community-Based Health Professional Education: Workshop Summary
Highlights from a workshop held May 1-2, 2014, discussing the increased focus on community-based health and healthcare, and interprofessional collaborations. Discusses the current financial and structural design of health professional education. Presents examples of interprofessional, community-based programs and curricula for educating health professionals. Mentions rural throughout.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Patricia A. Cuff
Date: 10/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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Interprofessional Practice Education: Is the 'Interprofessional' Component Relevant to Recruiting New Graduates to Underserved Areas?
Examines interprofessional education and its impact on recruiting new health professionals to work in underserved rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Siegrid Deutschlander, Esther Suter, Ruby Grymonpre
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 13(4), 2489
Date: 11/2013
Type: Document
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Medical School Rural Tracks in the US
Discusses the results of a survey of 35 U.S. medical schools about their active or planned rural medical school residency tracks (RT), to better understand what rural medical education looks like throughout the country. Examines the admissions process, curriculum, administration and funding structures, and program outcomes.
Author(s): Mark Deutchman
Date: 09/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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Recruitment and Training of Racial/Ethnic Health Professionals in Rural America
Provides information and statistics on the need for recruitment and training programs targeted specifically for racial and ethnic minority health professionals in rural America. Includes policy recommendations.
Author(s): Ann Chester, Angeline Bushy, Esther Forti, Kas Kasten, Sherron McKendall.
Date: 02/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
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Rural Residency Training for Family Medicine Physicians: Graduate Early-Career Outcomes, 2008-2012
Discusses the effectiveness of family medicine rural training track (RTT) residency programs, which train physicians for practice in rural and underserved areas.
Author(s): Davis G. Patterson, Randall Longenecker, David Schmitz, et al.
Date: 01/2013
Type: Document
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Medical Student Characteristics Predictive of Intent for Rural Practice
Presents findings from a study exploring the effect of student characteristics on choosing rural practice.
Author(s): Pamela Royston, Kathleen Mathieson, Joan Leafman, Olivia Ojan-Sheehan
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 12(3), 2107
Date: 08/2012
Type: Document
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Doctors Follow Rural Training Tracks to Small Town Practices
Highlights Rural Training Track (RTT) residency programs, featuring the experience of one medical resident and her RTT program in Idaho. Introduces a three-year pilot program, the Rural Training Track Technical Assistance Demonstration Project (RTT-TA), which aims to improve outreach and sustainability for existing RTTs and help start new RTTs.
Author(s): Candi Helseth
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 05/2011
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Availability and Potential Effect of Rural Rotations in Emergency Medicine Residency Programs
Describes the types of rural rotations in emergency medicine residency programs and the correlation with rural practice after graduation.
Author(s): Brad E. Talley, S. Ann Moore, Carlos A. Camargo Jr., John Rogers, Adit A. Ginde
Citation: Academic Emergency Medicine, 18(3), 297-300
Date: 03/2011
Type: Document
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An Examination of the Healthcare Workforce Issues in Rural America
8th Annual Report to the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services and the United States Congress. Focuses on rural health workforce issues. Discusses improving rural healthcare through interdisciplinary training and quality improvement. Examines the rural health workforce by profession and looks at health workforce issues and trends.
Date: 09/2008
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Advisory Committee on Interdisciplinary Community-Based Linkages
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Health Professions Training Programs
Displays health professions education and training programs data from academic year 2012-2013 to present, with breakdowns by program. Provides an in-depth look at the distribution of providers and participant demographics by state. Allows users to search for statistics on providers with rural backgrounds and key training settings in medically underserved communities and rural areas.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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Rural PREP Grand Rounds
Features online learning presentations and active learning sessions for rural primary care practices. Past presentations are archived so rural providers can engage with them at their own pace.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Rural PREP
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Med School Mapper
Interactive map locates medical schools and graduates across the U.S. Features county-level data detailing the number of physicians and the medical schools they graduated from. Details population information for selected areas.
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: Robert Graham Center
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RTT Collaborative Newsletter
Provides links to rural health professions-related news items, including the quarterly newsletters from the RTT Collaborative.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: RTT Collaborative
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Rural Health Information Technology Workforce Curriculum Resources
Lists a collection of curriculum resources educators can adapt to create rural health information technology (HIT) workforce training programs. Developed by Federal Office of Rural Health Policy Rural HIT Workforce Program grantees.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Rural Graduate Medical Education (GME) Analyzer
Assesses eligibility for rural hospitals interested in starting residency training programs.
Type: Tool
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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PubMed Search: Education and Training of the Rural Healthcare Workforce
Searches PubMed's collection of journal article citations on the combined topics of education and training, healthcare workforce, and rural health.
Type: Literature Search
Sponsoring organization: U.S. National Library of Medicine
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Area Health Education Centers Directory
Directory of Area Health Education Centers (AHECs) and AHEC Programs by state. AHECs work to recruit, train, and retain health professionals committed to underserved populations.
Type: Directory
Sponsoring organization: National AHEC Organization
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Culturally Competent Nursing Care: A Cornerstone of Caring
Provides a free, online and accredited educational program for nurses and social workers to help the providers meet the cultural and linguistic needs of an increasingly diverse patient population.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health
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Cultural Competency Curriculum for Disaster Preparedness and Crisis Response
Provides free, online cultural and linguistic competency education designed for emergency medical technicians (EMTs), psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers responding in disaster situations.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health
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Cultural, Language and Health Literacy
Resources and tools to help healthcare providers enhance their clinical and organizational skills so they can meet patients' cultural, language, and health literacy needs.
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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TRAIN Learning Network
Resources for online learning opportunities for healthcare professionals who work in public health. Searchable by subject, keyword, format, and core competencies.
Type: Tutorial/Training
Sponsoring organization: Public Health Foundation
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Additional resources are available related to this guide. See the full list of resources by topic for:


Last Updated: 12/4/2019