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Rural Health
Resources by Topic: Health disparities

Access to Affordable Care in Rural America: Current Trends and Key Challenges
Describes geographic and demographic challenges that contribute to healthcare access and health disparities in rural areas. Covers patterns of insurance coverage between rural and urban areas, healthcare provider shortages, and rural hospital vulnerability and closures. Discusses programs and services supported by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to reduce barriers to care in rural communities, including telehealth, healthcare workforce programs, and Rural Health Clinics and community health centers.
Author(s): Gina Turrini, D.Keith Branham, Lucy Chen, et al.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: HHS Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
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Contact Tracing and the Challenges of Health Equity in Vulnerable Latino and Native American Communities: Proceedings of a Workshop - In Brief
Presents the proceedings of a July 30, 2020 webinar discussing the role of contact tracing in remedying health disparities around COVID-19 in American Indian (AI) and Latino communities. Highlights challenges involved in conducting contact tracing and offers suggestions to improve public health equity.
Additional links: Read Online
Author(s): Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice
Date: 07/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health and Medicine Division (HMD), National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
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NIH Community Engagement Alliance (CEAL) Against COVID-19 Disparities
Fact sheets and other resources to help communities most impacted by COVID-19 and encourage involvement in addressing COVID-19 disparities. Covers basic information on COVID-19, vaccination, clinical trials, and the importance of diversity and inclusion in research.
Date: 07/2021
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: National Institutes of Health
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Multilevel Modeling of County-level Excessive Alcohol Use, Rurality, and COVID-19 Case Fatality Rates in the US
Presents a study on the relationship between COVID-19 outcomes and elevated alcohol use in rural counties. Looks at levels of alcohol use and misuse in rural counties prior to the pandemic and compares it with COVID-19 mortality data. Breaks down data by rurality and alcohol use while controlling for other comorbidities such as obesity, smoking, and being over the age of 65.
Author(s): George Pro, Paul A. Gilbert, Julie A. Baldwin, et al.
Citation: PLOS ONE, 16(6), e0253466
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
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An Evaluation of Firearm Injuries among Rural versus Urban Veterans: Data Validity and Early Findings
Webinar recording discussing rural and urban differences in rates of firearm injuries among veterans. Breaks down data pertaining to injuries, suicide, homicide, and unintentional fatalities related to firearms.
Additional links: Audio Recording, PDF Handout
Date: 06/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
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An Overview of the National Cancer Institute's Rural Cancer Control Initiatives
Webinar recording discusses research into rural cancer control. Explores how rural and tribal health disparities can effect cancer rates. Features presenters from the National Cancer Institute's Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences.
Additional links: PowerPoint Handout
Date: 06/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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National RTAP/FTA Webinar: Rural Transportation Planning and the COVID-19 Response
Webinar recording discusses how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected rural and tribal transit, their communities, and the providers responding to the pandemic. Features speakers from the Federal Transit Administration, the National Rural Transit Assistance Program, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, the Crawford Area Transit Authority, and Nevada County Transit Services.
Date: 06/2021
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Transit Assistance Program
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Demographic Factors Associated With Non-Guideline-Based Treatment of Kidney Cancer in the United States
Results of a study of 158,455 kidney patients, based on data from the National Cancer Database for the years 2010-2017. Examines whether demographic factors are associated with deviation from guideline-based treatment of kidney cancer. Features statistics with breakdowns by metropolitan, urban, and rural location of patients.
Author(s): Jeffrey M. Howard, Karabi Nandy, Solomon L. Woldu, Vitaly Margulis
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(6)
Date: 06/2021
Type: Document
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VA Community Care: Understanding Veterans' Access, Utilization, and Satisfaction
Supplemental journal features a wide variety articles pertaining to veterans' access to care, utilization, and the VA's Community Care Network (CCN). Discusses the CCN's relationship with the MISSION Act, telehealth, and challenges facing rural veterans, among other issues.
Citation: Medical Care, 59, (6, Suppl 3)
Date: 06/2021
Type: Journal/Newsletter
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Rural-Urban Differences in Changes and Effects of Tobacco 21 in Youth E-cigarette Use
Highlights a study on youth e-cigarette use across rural and urban communities in light of the increase in Tobacco 21 (T21) policies. Compares under 21 e-cigarette use in rural and urban areas and in T21 and non-T21 areas. Breaks down data by year (2018-2019), gender, and grade in school, among other measures.
Author(s): Hongying Dai, Lisa Chaney, Edward Ellerbeck, et al.
Citation: Pediatrics, 147(5), e2020020651
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
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