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Chronic Disease in Rural America – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Chronic Disease in Rural America.

Geographic Differences in Sex-Specific Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Mortality Rate Trends Among Adults Aged ≥25 Years — United States, 1999–2019
Examines trends in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality for men and for women age 25 and older, with data by urban-rural location for large central metropolitan, large fringe metro, medium metro, small metro, micropolitan, and noncore areas.
Author(s): Susan A. Carlson, Anne G. Wheaton, Kathleen B. Watson, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(18), 613-618
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Wisconsin Chronic Disease Toolkit 2022
Toolkit describing rural-relevant best practices that have been successful in improving chronic disease outcomes and population health. Provides resources to address communication, Body Mass Index, diabetes care, blood pressure control, and chronic disease management.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Wisconsin Health Cooperative
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Association of Race, Ethnicity, and Rurality With Major Leg Amputation or Death Among Medicare Beneficiaries Hospitalized With Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Examines the probability of amputation or death in patients with diabetic foot ulcers using 2013-2014 Medicare claims data for 124,487 patients. Includes demographic breakdowns by sex, Black/African American, White, or Hispanic, rurality, Area Deprivation Index (ADI), patient history of chronic illness, and more.
Author(s): Meghan B. Brennan, W. Ryan Powell, Farah Kaiksow
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(4)
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Individual and Neighborhood Influences on the Relationship Between Waist Circumference and Coronary Heart Disease in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study
Explores a study correlating the waist circumference with incidence of coronary heart disease and discusses the influence of geography and socioeconomic factors, such as race, poverty, and rurality, among others. Breaks down data by individual and ecological characteristics.
Author(s): Anne H. Gaglioti, Desiree Rivers, Joanna Bryan Ringel, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Initial Home Dialysis Is Increased for Rural Patients by Accessing Urban Facilities
Investigates health disparities between rural and urban patients with end stage kidney disease (ESKD). Examines 97,930 dialysis initiates from the 2017 United States Renal Data System broken down by the timing of home dialysis initiation, patient race, disease type, body mass index (BMI), employment status, rural versus urban facility location, and more. Discusses issues of access and disparities in mortality for different populations.
Author(s): Joel T. Adler, S. Ali Husain, Lingwei Xiang, James R. Rodrigue, Sushrut S. Waikar
Citation: Kidney 360, 3, 488-496
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
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County-Level Variation in Cirrhosis-Related Mortality in the US, 1999-2019
Reviews cirrhosis mortality rates in the U.S. based on data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention WONDER database for 1999-2019. Analyzes data according to sex, race and ethnicity, and metropolitan/nonmetropolitan categories. Includes discussions of health disparities as related to metro categories.
Author(s): Audrey Y. Ha, Michael H. Le, Linda Henry, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 5(2)
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
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Trends in Premature Mortality From Acute Myocardial Infarction in the United States, 1999 to 2019
Reports on deaths of people under 65 from acute myocardial infarction by race, sex, and age from 1999 to 2019 based on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's WONDER (Wide‐Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research) death certificate database. Provides state-by-state data and mortality rates broken down by rural, medium/small metro, and large metro in Table S1.
Author(s): Sourbha S. Dani, Ahmad N. Lone, Zulqarnain Javed, et al.
Citation: Journal of the American Heart Association, 11(1)
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
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Trends in the Incidence of New‐Onset Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy Among Rural and Urban Areas in the United States, 2007 to 2019
Examines 51,685,525 live births in rural and urban women between 2007 and 2019 to study incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Provides Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Natality Database statistics and data broken down by rural/urban category, age, race/ethnicity, and census region, among others. Discusses impacts of trend changes in hypertensive disorders in both rural and urban areas.
Author(s): Natalie A. Cameron, Ian Everitt, Laura E. Seegmiller, et al.
Citation: Journal of the American Heart Association, 11(2)
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
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Mapping Geographic Variability of Severe Uncontrolled Asthma in the United States
Examines data on uncontrolled asthma across the United States to assess asthma prevalence and morbidity. Compares state-level data with county-level data to understand heterogeneity of asthma concerns within states. Includes graphs and statistics and a discussion of urban versus rural trends.
Author(s): Eugene R. Bleecker, Hitesh Gandhi, Ileen Gilbert, Kevin R. Murphy, Geoffrey L. Chupp
Citation: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 128(1), 78-88
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
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Report to Congress on Leveraging Federal Programs to Prevent and Control Diabetes and Its Complications, 2021
Report examining diabetes prevalence and health impact nationwide, offering recommendations for reducing risks, preventing type 2 diabetes, and treating and managing diabetes. Discusses diabetes and other chronic conditions in rural areas, rural health disparities, and rural-specific recommendations for prevention and management.
Date: 01/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Clinical Care Commission, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Last Updated: 1/31/2023