Costs and Benefits
If local experts and infrastructure are available, it is a good idea to look at the costs and benefits of a
childhood health promotion program prior to implementation.
Early childhood education programs that include elements of health promotion have been found to have benefits
that outweigh the costs, including long-term benefits that can result in improved health outcomes into
adulthood. These benefits include, for example, improved social and cognitive development, academic achievement,
and health outcomes.
Research on the costs,
benefits, and long-term outcomes of early childcare programs showed that several well-known childcare
center-based programs have a high rate of return on investment. The researchers reported that every dollar spent
on these high quality programs for children starting from birth to the age of 5 delivered a 13% per year return
on investment. These findings suggest that well-designed programs are important and can have significant impacts
on the health and well-being of entire communities.
Many of the programs highlighted in Module 2 and Module 3 are either low-cost or free. Lower costs
reduce the barriers to implementing programs with large initial
investments. If the community has available funds through a grant or other source, it may be feasible to
implement additional services or approaches. Resources for grant writing
assistance are available from RHIhub.
Resources to Learn More
Promoting Health in Early
Examines the impact of different programs and policies that target women at risk of getting pregnant, pregnant
women, or children through age five, and discusses how some failed and others were effective at improving
Author(s): Rossin-Slater, M.