Before implementing a health promotion and disease prevention program, consider the environment, staff, and
systems that will support the program. The following factors should be considered:
Identify the target population and their key health needs. It is important to conduct a needs
assessment to identify community factors that will affect program implementation. These include local
health concerns, barriers, resources, complexity of local dynamics, and cultural acceptability.
Involve passionate people in all program aspects. Involve staff who are valued by the community
and passionate about the program's goal and purpose. These staff are sometimes referred to as “program
champions.” Motivated staff who are known by community members can positively influence program
participation and acceptance.
Assess staff capacity. Involve staff who possess the knowledge, background, and skills
for the position. Additional training
may be necessary.
Seek and maintain support from partners. Involve partners with similar missions and goals. See
and Coalitions for guidelines for identifying appropriate partners.
Facilitate administrative support for the program. Successful programs have administrative
supports that encourage positive environments and reduce barriers to implementation. Organizations
proactive in ensuring their resources, policies, procedures, and communication systems support program efforts.
Considerations are available in the Rural Community Health Toolkit.
Resources to Learn More
Develop Strategic and Action Plans
Provides information that supports the development of a vision, mission, objectives, strategies,
and action plan.
Organization(s): Community Tool Box
Health Promotion Programs: Introductory Workbook, 4th ed.
Explains the six steps involved in planning an evidence-informed health promotion program. To
complement the workbook, a series of audio presentations provide a brief overview of each step.
Organization(s): Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion (Public Health
Defines the steps in planning, implementing, and evaluating a health program and provides links to resources
that support each step.
Organization(s): The Community Guide
Tools for Implementing an Evidence-Based Approach in
Public Health Practice
Easily accessible and time-efficient tools for implementing an evidence-based public health approach to improve
Authors(s): Jacobs, J.A., Jones, E., Gabella, B. A., Spring, B., & Brownson, R.C.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 9