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Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

Chronic Disease Disparities by County Economic Status and Metropolitan Classification, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2013
Examines health disparities in the U.S. using county economic data for unemployment, poverty, and per capita market income to compare metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties economic status with the prevalence of hypertension, arthritis and self-rated health.
Author(s): Kate M. Shaw, Kristina A. Theis, Shannon Self-Brown, Douglas W. Roblin, Lawrence Barker
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 13
Date: 09/2016
Type: Document
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Colonoscopy Access and Utilization - Rural Disparities in the Carolinas, 2001-2010
Describes the geographic distribution of colonoscopy providers, the utilization rate for colonoscopies in urban and rural populations, and the influence of the availability of colonoscopy providers on patients when seeking care in their local area for North and South Carolina using ambulatory surgery discharge data for colonoscopies from 2001-2010.
Additional links: Fact Sheet
Author(s): Jan M. Eberth, Michele Josey, Tushar Trivedi, James Hibbert, Janice C. Probst
Date: 07/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Disparities in Adolescents' Residence in Neighborhoods Supportive of Physical Activity — United States, 2011–2012
Discusses the connection between adolescents living in neighborhoods that support physical activity (have sidewalks and walking paths, parks, playgrounds, and/or recreation centers) and overall health. Indicates differences in access to neighborhoods supportive of physical activity based on ethnicity and race, income level, parental education level, and rural areas, with recommendations for community-based projects for improvement.
Author(s): Kathleen B. Watson, Carmen D. Harris, Susan A. Carlson, Joan M. Dorn, Janet E. Fulton
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 65(23), 598-601
Date: 06/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Association of Blood Lead Levels in Children 0-72 Months with Living in Mid-Appalachia: A Semi-Ecologic Study
Compares the blood lead levels in children ages 0–72 months in Mid-Appalachia with children of same age throughout the U.S. Includes a relational comparison of the number of housing units built before 1950 and 1940 in both regions.
Author(s): R. Constance Wiener, Richard Jurevic
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 16(2), 3597
Date: 04/2016
Type: Document
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2015 National Quality Healthcare and Disparities Report: Chartbook for Health Care for Blacks
Summarizes and illustrates trends in healthcare for the Black population regarding access to healthcare and the priorities of National Quality Strategy (NQS). Includes a comparison of the rural and urban Black population and discusses poverty rates in rural areas.
Date: 02/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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Increases in Acute Hepatitis B Virus Infections - Kentucky, Tennessee, and West Virginia, 2006-2013
Reports on increased rates of hepatitis B infections in three Appalachian states, particularly among injection drug users and in non-urban areas.
Author(s): Aaron M. Harris, Kashif Iqbal, Sarah Schillie, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 65(3), 47-50
Date: 01/2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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2016 County Health Rankings Key Findings Report
Features state-by-state and rural/urban comparisons on health factors and outcomes throughout the United States, including information on premature death, adult obesity, child poverty, and more. Provides county-level data on residential segregation, drug overdose deaths, and insufficient sleep.
Date: 2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
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Aging Well in the 21st Century: Strategic Directions for Research on Aging
Outlines the priorities of the National Institute on Aging (NIA). Goal F focuses on improving the health status of older adults in diverse populations, including rural older adults.
Date: 2016
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute on Aging
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Mortality and Life Expectancy in Rural America: Connecting the Health and Human Service Safety Nets to Improve Health Outcomes over the Life Course
Policy brief describing the driving forces behind rural health disparities in Appalachian Kentucky. Offers nationally relevant recommendations for addressing these challenges. Discusses rural and urban differences in life expectancy and mortality rates, and other significant factors including behavioral health, substance abuse, population health, trauma care, and transportation.
Date: 10/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Advisory Committee on Rural Health and Human Services
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Environmental Scan of Programs and Policies Addressing Health Disparities Among Rural Children in Poverty
Examines policies and programs aimed to address health disparities of rural children living in poverty and offers recommendations based on the findings. Provides an environmental scan of community- and state-level interventions aimed to address obesity, behavioral health, oral health, prenatal and postnatal care, and respiratory health.
Author(s): Brenda Natzke, Luke Horner
Date: 09/2015
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Mathematica Policy Research
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Last Updated: 7/8/2022