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Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

Self-Rated Health Among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Adults: Rural/Urban Differences
Policy brief examining differences in self-rated health by sexual orientation and rural or urban location. Includes statistics from the National Health Interview Survey, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, and the Health Information National Trends Survey.
Author(s): Hannah MacDougall, Carrie Henning-Smith, Courtney Sarkin, Gilbert Gonzales
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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White House Blueprint for Addressing the Maternal Health Crisis
Provides an overview of the maternal health crisis, including maternal mortality and morbidity disparities, and outlines investments and initiatives to address these issues. Presents goals and actions related to access to maternal and behavioral health services, improving data collection and policy, expanding and diversifying the maternal health workforce, and strengthening economic and social supports.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: The White House
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Prevalence of Chronic Conditions by Sexual Orientation and Rural-Urban Location
Presents a study on the correlation between chronic health issues by sexual orientation and rurality. Breaks down rates of chronic diseases such as arthritis, high cholesterol, diabetes, and others by sexual orientation and rural versus urban location.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales, Megan Lahr, et al.
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Minnesota Rural Health Research Center
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Life Expectancy by County, Race, and Ethnicity in the USA, 2000–19: A Systematic Analysis of Health Disparities
Examines county-level racial health disparities over a 20-year period by isolating geography and race/ethnicity in mortality rates. Utilizes death registration data from the U.S. National Vital Statistics System as well as population data from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. Includes U.S. maps that show county-level life expectancy by race/ethnicity and figures tracking state-by-state changes in life expectancy by race from 2000 to 2019. Free to download with registration.
Author(s): Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Parkes Kendrick, Yekaterina O Kelly, et al.
Citation: The Lancet
Date: 06/2022
Type: Document
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Rural-Urban Differences in Maternal Mortality Trends in the US, 1999–2017: Accounting for the Impact of the Pregnancy Status Checkbox
Examines maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) from 1999 to 2017 by maternal residence of large urban area, medium/small urban area, or rural area. Discusses the impact on recorded MMRs of including a pregnancy status checkbox on death certificates. Includes data breakdowns by maternal residence, race/ethnicity, and age.
Author(s): Lauren M. Rossen, Katherine A. Ahrens, Lindsay S. Womack, Sayeedha F.G. Uddin, Amy M. Branum
Citation: American Journal of Epidemiology, 191(6), 1030-1039
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
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Evaluation of the Rural Maternity and Obstetrics Management Strategies Program: 2019 Cohort - Second Annual Report
Reports on the Rural Maternity and Obstetrics Management Strategies (RMOMS) program 2019 cohort's first implementation year, 2020-2021. Describes the program, the need for increased access to maternal and obstetric care in rural areas, and the program's strategic goals. Provides an overview of the 3 RMOMS awardees in Missouri, New Mexico, and Texas including network characteristics, model and goals, health equity efforts, sustainability, and maternal health outcomes.
Additional links: Executive Summary
Date: 05/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Health Resources and Services Administration
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CMS Health Equity Symposium
Recording of a CMS Office of Minority Health symposium held on April 28, 2022 discussing health equity initiatives in Medicare, Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and the Health Insurance Marketplaces. Mentions efforts to increase healthcare access for rural Americans.
Additional links: Slide deck, Transcript
Date: 04/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy and Mortality at Delivery Hospitalization — United States, 2017–2019
Examines the prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy among delivery hospitalizations. Includes data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural (nonmetro/nonmicro) counties on prevalence of any hypertension, chronic hypertension, pregnancy-related hypertension, and unspecified maternal hypertension.
Author(s): Nicole D. Ford, Shanna Cox, Jean Y. Ko, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(17), 585–591
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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2022 County Health Rankings National Findings Report
Analyzes county-level health disparities by examining health factors and outcomes throughout the U.S. Covers living wages, gender pay gap, childcare costs, school funding, and more. Discusses impacts of COVID-19, key findings, and calls to action to improve community health outcomes.
Additional links: State Reports
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
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Individual and Neighborhood Influences on the Relationship Between Waist Circumference and Coronary Heart Disease in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study
Explores a study correlating the waist circumference with incidence of coronary heart disease and discusses the influence of geography and socioeconomic factors, such as race, poverty, and rurality, among others. Breaks down data by individual and ecological characteristics.
Author(s): Anne H. Gaglioti, Desiree Rivers, Joanna Bryan Ringel, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
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Last Updated: 7/6/2022