Skip to main content
Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

CMS Health Equity Symposium
Recording of a CMS Office of Minority Health symposium held on April 28, 2022 discussing health equity initiatives in Medicare, Medicaid, the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), and the Health Insurance Marketplaces. Mentions efforts to increase healthcare access for rural Americans.
Additional links: Slide deck, Transcript
Date: 04/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
view details
Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy and Mortality at Delivery Hospitalization — United States, 2017–2019
Examines the prevalence of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy among delivery hospitalizations. Includes data for metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural (nonmetro/nonmicro) counties on prevalence of any hypertension, chronic hypertension, pregnancy-related hypertension, and unspecified maternal hypertension.
Author(s): Nicole D. Ford, Shanna Cox, Jean Y. Ko, et al.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(17), 585–591
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details
2022 County Health Rankings National Findings Report
Analyzes county-level health disparities by examining health factors and outcomes throughout the U.S. Covers living wages, gender pay gap, childcare costs, school funding, and more. Discusses impacts of COVID-19, key findings, and calls to action to improve community health outcomes.
Additional links: State Reports
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: County Health Rankings & Roadmaps
view details
Individual and Neighborhood Influences on the Relationship Between Waist Circumference and Coronary Heart Disease in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study
Explores a study correlating the waist circumference with incidence of coronary heart disease and discusses the influence of geography and socioeconomic factors, such as race, poverty, and rurality, among others. Breaks down data by individual and ecological characteristics.
Author(s): Anne H. Gaglioti, Desiree Rivers, Joanna Bryan Ringel, et al.
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 19
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
view details
CMS Framework for Health Equity 2022–2032
Report outlines the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services plan for improving health equity across the U.S. for racial and ethnic communities, rural communities, people with disabilities, and those living in poverty. Details a 5 priority framework emphasizing data collections and standardization; language access and health literacy; and reducing health disparities through increasing healthcare capacity and workforce, among others.
Date: 04/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
view details
LGBTQIA+ Health in Rural America
Policy brief discussing LGBTQIA+ health and healthcare in rural areas. Explores limitations to address LGBTQIA+ health in rural communities, policy considerations, and policy recommendations to improve community-level disparities in LGBTQIA+ healthcare.
Author(s): Beth O'Connor, Kaitlin Phelon, Bryan Price, et al.
Date: 03/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
view details
Structural Factors That Impact Rural Life Expectancy
Policy position paper focused on challenges to improving life expectancy in rural areas. Offers policy recommendations to address health outcomes in rural populations.
Author(s): Bryan Price, Elizabeth Ruen, Wade Swenson
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Rural Health Association
view details
Quantifying Rural Disparity in Healthcare Utilization in the United States: Analysis of a Large Midwestern Healthcare System
Analyzes patient utilization of rural versus urban outpatient clinics. Explores electronic health record data from 474,674 adult patients from June 2018 to March 2019 across variables such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, smoking status, and health status. Includes statistics and discussion of clinic utilization in relation to rural healthcare disparities.
Author(s): Akua Nuako, Jingxia Liu,Giang Pham, et al.
Citation: PLoS ONE, 17(2)
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
view details
The Problem Of The Color Line: Spatial Access To Hospital Services For Minoritized Racial And Ethnic Groups
Study examining inequities in access to healthcare by race and geography, covering distances to hospital services for minoritized ZIP Code Tabulation Areas (ZTCAs). Discusses factors that lead to disparities in access for rural minority communities, including policy, rural hospital closures, and safety-net program issues.
Additional links: Story Map: The Problem Of The Color Line
Author(s): Jan M. Eberth, Peiyin Hung, Gabriel A. Benavidez, et al.
Citation: Health Affairs, 41(2), 237-246
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
view details
Self-Rated Physical Health Among Working-Aged Adults Along the Rural-Urban Continuum — United States, 2021
Reports on differences in self-rated physical health among adults aged 18-64 in large urban, medium/small urban, metro-adjacent rural, and remote rural counties.
Author(s): Danielle C. Rhubart, Shannon M. Monnat
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 71(5), 161-166
Date: 02/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
view details

Additional resources are available related to this guide. See the full list of resources by topic for:


Last Updated: 5/24/2022