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Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

Urban–Rural Disparities in Diabetes-Related Mortality in the USA 1999–2019
Examines 20-year trends in diabetes-related mortality in urban and rural areas in the United States. Analyzes 6,598,281 death certificates that name diabetes mellitus as an underlying or contributing cause of death between 1999 and 2019, utilizing the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-ranging ONline Data for Epidemiologic Research (CDC WONDER) Multiple Cause of Death database. Includes demographic breakdowns of urban versus rural mortality data by sex, age, and race/ethnicity.
Author(s): Ofer Kobo, Harriette G. C. Van Spall, Mamas A. Mamas
Citation: Diabetologia, 65, 2078-2083
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
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Rural and Urban Women Have Differing Sexual and Reproductive Health Experiences
Explores the healthcare disparities women aged 15 to 49 experience related to sexual and reproductive health. Analyzes 2015-2019 data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) to investigate contraceptive use in 1,128 rural residents and 6,007 urban residents. Includes rural versus urban demographic breakdowns according to race/ethnicity, nativity, income, education, LGB+ identity, and history of/plans for having children.
Author(s): Emma Pliskin, Kate Welti, Jennifer Manlove
Date: 09/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Child Trends
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Pride in Idaho Care Neighborhoods Roadmap - A Guide For Healthcare Communities
Presents a model for delivering culturally appropriate care to LGBTQ+ people living in rural areas. Discusses the application of this model to the state of Idaho and highlights recommendations for providers, and healthcare facilities in general, on how to provide comprehensive care to a marginalized group in a rural area. Includes a resource library for LGBTQ+ support programs and information.
Additional links: Resource Library
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Cornerstone Whole Healthcare Organization, Inc.
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Preserving Independence among Under-Resourced Older Adults in the Southeastern United States: Existing Barriers and Potential Strategies for Research
Literature review examining barriers to independent aging in the Southeast, including physical, mental, and social challenge related to chronic conditions, health disparities, and access to care. Includes a section on barriers for older adults in rural areas of the Southeast.
Author(s): Ene M. Enogela, Taylor Buchanan, Christy S. Carter, et al.
Citation: International Journal for Equity in Health, 21, 119
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
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Rural Maternal Health Networks: Evaluation Findings from the First Implementation Year of the RMOMS 2019 Cohort
Webinar recording discusses the outcomes of the Rural Maternity and Obstetrics Management Strategies (RMOMS) program on rural maternal health networks. Features presentations from representatives of the Mission Analytics Group and the Insight Policy Research.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Video/Multimedia
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Spatial Access to Hospital-Based Obstetric Units in Minoritized Racial/Ethnic Areas
Documents geographic accessibility and travel burdens for obstetric care based on local minoritized racial/ethnic group (MRG) distributions at the ZIP Code Tabulation Area (ZCTA) level. Features statistics with breakdowns by race or ethnicity and urban or rural ZCTA, and maps showing geographic distribution of ZCTAs meeting the 95th percentile threshold, locations of hospital-based obstetric units across top MRG ZCTAs in 2019, and driving distances to a hospital obstetric unit by MRG classification.
Author(s): Peiyin Hung, Gabriel Benavidez, Melinda A. Merrell, et al.
Date: 08/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural and Minority Health Research Center (formerly the South Carolina Rural Health Research Center)
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Inequities in Availability of Evidence-Based Birth Supports to Improve Perinatal Health for Socially Vulnerable Rural Residents
Examines the social risk factors rural residents face related to maternal and infant mortality. Utilizes data from 285 rural hospitals across the United States that have inpatient birthing centers to measure the availability of maternal and postpartum supports such as breastfeeding support groups, nurse home visiting, childbirth education classes, and more. Evaluates each hospital's social vulnerability index (SVI) on the county-level to determine the level of birth support inequities in rural areas and for residents who are Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC).
Author(s): Bridget Basile Ibrahim, Julia D. Interrante, Alyssa H. Fritz, Mariana S. Tuttle, Katy Backes Kozhimannil
Citation: Children, 9(7), 1077
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Rural/Urban Differences in Access to Paid Sick Leave Among Full-time Workers
Features a study on the accessibility of paid sick leave for full-time workers in rural and urban areas. Discusses the negative health outcomes of lacking paid sick leave. Highlights correlative factors, such as educational attainment, age, race, and chronic conditions, among others.
Author(s): Carrie Henning-Smith, Janette Dill, Arianne Baldomero, Katy Backes Kozhimannil
Citation: Journal of Rural Health
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
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Traffic Safety Facts, 2020 Data: Rural/Urban Comparison of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities
Reports 2020 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data describing fatal motor vehicle crashes. Provides rural versus urban statistics for fatal motor vehicle crashes by light condition, age group, speeding, alcohol use, seat belt use, and rollover crashes.
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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Wiping Away the Tears: Addressing Increasing Death in Rural America
Examines rural mortality trends and discusses the impact of the opioid epidemic and COVID-19 pandemic, as well as rural maternal and infant mortality. Describes federally-funded efforts to address rural disparities.
Author(s): Whitney Zahnd
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 07/2022
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Last Updated: 12/7/2022