Oral Health-Primary Care Integration and Collaboration Model
Rural communities are using strategies to integrate and improve collaboration between oral health and primary
care. Examples of these strategies include:
- Establishing open lines of communication between dental and primary care providers
- Creating interdisciplinary teams where dental hygienists work alongside healthcare providers to provide oral
health screenings, guidance, and other services and referrals (see Allied Health Professional Model).
- Establishing referral partnerships between dental clinics and primary care practitioners (see Dental Home Model). Non-dental primary care
practitioners can play an important role in the prevention of dental caries.
- Using school-based models for dental assessment that refer children to a source of primary care (see School-Based Model).
- Implementing a health commons approach
to integrate oral health and primary care services.
Health commons sites are primary care safety net practices that include medical, dental, behavioral, public
health, and social services. This approach has been used to integrate oral health and primary care for rural
people with lower incomes who are uninsured. One community in New Mexico used the health commons approach to
pool resources from different public and private partners in the community.
Examples of Rural Oral Health-Primary Care Integration and Collaboration Programs
For examples of the oral health-primary care integration and collaboration model, see the following programs in
the Rural Health Models and Innovations section:
Dental and medical healthcare often operate in siloed systems of care, making it difficult to integrate
Partnerships play an important role in overcoming
these barriers and in the implementation of this model. Federally Qualified Health Centers are an example of
successful integration of oral healthcare with services like primary care, mental/behavioral health, and other
In addition to integrating dental care and primary care, innovative programs are exploring the integration of
collaboration among dental care with mental and behavioral health services. Integration of dental care and
mental and behavioral health may be especially helpful for people with persistent mental health or substance use
issues who often access care via safety net providers.
For additional information on integrating rural services, see RHIhub's Rural Services Integration Toolkit.
Resources to Learn More
Studies of 6 Safety Net Organizations That Integrate Oral and Mental/Behavioral Health with Primary Care
Detailed analysis of six Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), including one rural, that integrated oral
health and behavioral health with primary healthcare services. Interviews were conducted with FQHC leadership,
management, and clinical professionals to recognize the structures and processes supporting service integration
for patients. Discusses the advantages of co-location of services within FQHC sites.
Author(s): Langelier, M., Surdu, S., & Goodwin, N.
Organization(s): Oral Health Workforce Research Center (OHWRC)
Integrating Oral and General Health Through Health Literacy
Practices: Proceedings of a Workshop
Overview of integrating oral health with general medicine focusing on the role health literacy plays in the
process. Describes how health literacy and care coordination improve health, identifies methods and critical
components of integration, and discusses the development of policies and practices affecting integration.
Organization: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
Describes the components of the Integration of Oral Health and Primary Care Practice initiative, which strives
to improve access to early detection and preventive interventions by expanding oral health clinical competency
of primary care clinicians.
Organization(s): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services