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Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

Assessment of Dietary Patterns, Physical Activity and Obesity from a National Survey: Rural-Urban Health Disparities in Older Adults
Examines the association between rural-urban status, physical activity, consumption of fruits and vegetables, and obesity prevalence in older adults by analyzing data derived from respondents aged 65 and above from the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).
Author(s): Steven A. Cohen, Mary L. Greaney, Natalie J. Sabik
Citation: PLoS One, 13(12)
Date: 2018
Type: Document
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Mortality Rates Have Increased for Working-age Rural Adults Since 2000
Line chart showing the change in mortality rates for nonmetropolitan and metropolitan residents, comparing 3-year averages for 1999-2001 and 2013-2015. Data is presented by age group.
Date: 12/2017
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Racial/Ethnic Health Disparities Among Rural Adults — United States, 2012-2015
Reports on racial/ethnic health disparities among rural residents. Includes data by race/ethnicity for health-related quality of life, healthcare access and use, chronic health conditions, and health-related behaviors. Based on data from the 2012–2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Author(s): Cara V. James, Ramal Moonesinghe, Shondelle M. Wilson-Frederick, et al.
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 66(23), 1-9
Date: 11/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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QuickStats: Infant Mortality Rate, by Urbanization Level — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2007 and 2015
Bar chart comparing infant mortality rates in rural counties, small and medium urban counties, and large urban counties in 2007 and 2015.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 66(41), 1122
Date: 10/2017
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Suicide Trends Among and Within Urbanization Levels by Sex, Race/Ethnicity, Age Group, and Mechanism of Death — United States, 2001–2015
Reports on county-level trends in suicide rates during 2001–2015 for large metropolitan, medium/small metropolitan, and nonmetro counties. Includes data by gender, race/ethnicity, and age group. Covers the mechanism of death, with data on firearms, hanging/suffocation, drug poisoning, non-drug poisoning, and other causes.
Author(s): Asha Z. Ivey-Stephenson, Alex E. Crosby, Shane P. D. Jack, Tadesse Haileyesus, Marcie-jo Kresnow-Sedacca
Citation: MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 66(18), 1-16
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Despair as a Cause of Death: More Complex Than It First Appears
Describes studies showing urban-rural and racial/ethnic comparisons of premature deaths due to self-destructive behaviors and possible underlying social and economic factors in the communities.
Author(s): Ana V. Diez Roux
Citation: American Journal of Public Health, 107(10), 1566-1567
Date: 10/2017
Type: Document
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Infant Mortality Rates in Rural and Urban Areas in the United States, 2014
Reports on infant mortality in 2014 among rural, small and medium urban, and large urban counties. Includes data by infant age at death for neonatal (0-27 days) and postneonatal (28-364 days) deaths. Provides infant mortality data by mother's age and by mother's race for non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, and Hispanic mothers.
Author(s): Danielle M. Ely, Anne K. Driscoll, T.J. Mathews
Date: 09/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Center for Health Statistics
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Pollution and Regional Variations of Lung Cancer Mortality in the United States
Identifies counties in the U.S. with higher rates of lung cancer mortality and related community-level factors, including rurality, socioeconomic status, level of particulate matter pollution, and access to healthcare. Includes a map showing lung cancer mortality clusters and a "lung cancer mortality belt" from eastern Oklahoma through central Appalachia.
Author(s): Justin Xavier Moore, Tomi Akinyemiju, Henry E. Wang
Citation: Cancer Epidemiology, 49, 118-127
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
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Diabetes Mortality in Rural America: 1999-2015
Examines diabetes-related mortality, with a particular focus on the roles of rurality and race, during a 16-year period from 1999-2015.
Author(s): Timothy H. Callaghan, Samuel D. Towne Jr., Jane Bolin, Alva O. Ferdinand
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Southwest Rural Health Research Center
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Health Disparities in Appalachia
Measures population health in Appalachia and explores disparities within the region and between Appalachia and the country as a whole. Features statistics on mortality, morbidity, behavioral health, child health, community characteristics, lifestyle, healthcare systems, quality of care, and social determinants, with breakdowns between urban and rural areas.
Author(s): Julie L. Marshall, Logan Thomas, Nancy M. Lane, et al.
Date: 08/2017
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Appalachian Regional Commission, PDA, Inc., The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research
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Last Updated: 5/28/2024