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Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

Geographic Variation in Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations for Acute and Chronic Conditions, 2005-2011
Examines potentially preventable hospitalizations for adults from 2005 to 2011. Includes data for acute and chronic conditions by location of patient residence for large and small metropolitan, micropolitan, and remote rural areas.
Author(s): Celeste M. Torio , Roxanne M. Andrews
Date: 09/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
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The Geography of Disability in America: On Rural-Urban Differences in Impairment Rates
Shows how adult disability rates vary between rural and urban areas in the U.S. Includes statistics on six types of impairment with breakdowns by age group and three levels of county population density.
Author(s): Christiane von Reichert, Lillie Greiman, Andrew Myers,
Date: 08/2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: University of Montana: Rural Institute for Inclusive Communities
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Widening Rural–Urban Disparities in All-Cause Mortality and Mortality from Major Causes of Death in the USA, 1969–2009
Examines U.S. mortality rates between 1969 and 2009 to identify growth or reduction of mortality disparities between rural and urban settings. Addresses the impact or race/ethnicity, gender, and poverty.
Author(s): Gopal K. Singh, Mohammad Siahpush
Citation: Journal of Urban Health, 91(2), 272-292
Date: 04/2014
Type: Document
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Urban-Rural Differences in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in the United States: 1999-2009
Describes the trends and magnitude of variations in death rates, with statistical breakdowns by age group, sex, race, geographical region, urbanization level, and year. Examines possible contributing factors for the disparities, including physical activity levels, access to health care, socioeconomic status, and education level.
Author(s): Ambar Kulshreshtha, Abhinav Goyal, Kaustubh Dabhadkar, Emir Veledar, Viola Vaccarino
Citation: Public Health Reports, 129(1)
Date: 01/2014
Type: Document
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The State of Health Equity Research: Closing Knowledge Gaps to Address Inequities
Reports results of an analysis of health disparities research funded between 2007 and 2011. Finds that certain populations which experience disparities, including rural and Native American populations, are underrepresented in the research. Reports on the health conditions most studied and geographic distribution of studies. Describes a trend to more research on solutions rather than just description of health disparities.
Author(s): AAMC Health Equity Research and Policy Staff
Date: 2014
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AcademyHealth
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Ancel Keys Lecture: Adventures (and Misadventures) in Understanding (and Reducing) Disparities in Stroke Mortality
Discusses the racial and geographic disparities in stroke mortality in the U.S. with a goal of determining which intervention methods will best reduce disparities.
Author(s): George Howard
Citation: Stroke, 44(11), 3254-3259
Date: 11/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
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CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report - United States, 2013
Addresses the differences in mortality and disease risk factors related to behaviors, access to healthcare, and social determinants of health in both rural and urban settings.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 62(3)
Date: 11/2013
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Rural Residence and Cancer Outcomes in the US: Issues and Challenges
Analyzes the current literature regarding outcomes of cancer patients who live in rural locations. Discusses several methods of defining rural.
Author(s): Ashley Meilleur, S.V. Subramanian, Jesse J. Plascak, et al.
Citation: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 22(10), 1657-1667
Date: 10/2013
Type: Document
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Rural-Urban Disparities in Quality of Life among Patients with COPD
Compares the health status of rural and urban patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and identifies the factors associated with differences in two different locations.
Author(s): Bradford E. Jackson, David B. Coultas, Sumihiro Suzuki, Karan P. Singh, Sejong Bae
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 29(1), 62-69
Date: 08/2013
Type: Document
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All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality Among US Youth: Socioeconomic and Rural-Urban Disparities and International Patterns
Analyzes the socioeconomic and rural-urban disparities in all-cause mortality and mortality from leading causes of death, including homicide, suicide, unintentional injuries, and HIV/AIDS, among U.S. youth aged 15–24.
Author(s): Gopal K. Singh, Romuladus E. Azuine, Mohammad Siahpush, Michael D. Kogan
Citation: Journal of Urban Health, 90(3), 388-405
Date: 06/2013
Type: Document
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Last Updated: 1/18/2023