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Social Determinants of Health for Rural People – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Social Determinants of Health for Rural People.

Poverty Rates by Age Group and Metro/Nonmetro Residence, 2018
Bar chart showing metropolitan and nonmetro poverty rates for all ages, for children under 5, children under 18, adults aged 18-64, and seniors over 65.
Date: 06/2021
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Hunger, Poverty, and Health During COVID-19 - Spotlight: Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) Communities
Details the status of Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) in relation to hunger, poverty, and health both before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Highlights rates of each measure and discusses the effect COVID-19 had on the NHPI population throughout the country.
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Food Research & Action Center
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Impact of Socioeconomic Status, Race and Ethnicity, and Geography on Prenatal Detection of Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome and Transposition of the Great Arteries
Results of a study of 1,862 prenatal and postnatal patients from 21 North American cardiology centers, to determine whether socioeconomic and geographic factors were correlated with lower rates of prenatal detection of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Also compares social determinants of health between the U.S. and Canada due to different healthcare systems. Features demographics and statistics with breakdowns by rural or nonrural location.
Author(s): Anita Krishnan, Marni B. Jacobs, Shaine A. Morris, et al.
Citation: Circulation, 143(20), 2049-2060
Date: 05/2021
Type: Document
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Looking at the Rural Homelessness Experience: Definitions, Data, and Solutions
Explains how homelessness impacts health. Features a Vermont organization's work using the evidence-based Housing First model to help people with mental health and substance use challenges and others who lack social supports and have housing needs.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 04/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Counties Where 20 Percent or More of Adults 25-64 Do Not Have a High School Diploma/Equivalent, 2015-19
Map showing which metropolitan and nonmetro counties had 20% or more of adults without a high school diploma.
Date: 04/2021
Type: Map/Mapping System
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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Exploring the Intersection of Rural Housing Quality and Health: Healthcare Providers and Housing Experts Provide Insight
Focuses on rural housing quality as a social determinant of health. Describes how healthcare, housing, and public health organizations can work together to address housing issues and improve population health. Features a Vermont healthcare system and several national programs working to address rural housing quality.
Author(s): Kay Miller Temple
Citation: Rural Monitor
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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The Association of Social Determinants of Health with COVIDÔÇÉ19 Mortality in Rural and Urban Counties
Explores how social determinants of health (SDOH) affect COVID-19 mortality in rural and urban areas. Compares rural and urban rates of COVID-19 mortality by patient characteristics, such as race, age, and gender; comorbidities, such as smoking, diabetes, and HIV; and economic stability, such as unemployment and income, among other factors.
Author(s): Rajib Paul, Ahmed Arif, Kamana Pokhrel, Subhanwita Ghosh
Citation: Journal of Rural Health, 37(2), 278-286
Date: 03/2021
Type: Document
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Disparities in Educational Attainment by Race, Ethnicity Persist in Rural America
Stacked bar chart comparing educational attainment in 2000 and 2019 for rural White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Hispanic adults age 25 and older. Each bar shows the portion of the population with an educational attainment of below high school; high school, some college, or associate's degree; and bachelor's degree or higher.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service
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The 10-20-30 Provision: Defining Persistent Poverty Counties
Defines persistent poverty counties. Discusses how differences in definitions and data used can affect which counties are considered persistently poor and includes a map highlighting the impact of different definitions. Briefly addresses legislation targeting persistent poverty counties using the "10-20-30 provision," including rural development funding.
Date: 02/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Congressional Research Service
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Opportunities in Medicaid and CHIP to Address Social Determinants of Health (SDOH)
Describes services and supports that can be covered by Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Programs (CHIP) to address social determinants of health (SDOH). Discusses federal authorities and other opportunities that states can utilize to address SDOH through Medicaid and CHIP, including through Rural Health Clinics (RHC) and Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC). Appendix B highlights examples of services and supports and the corresponding federal authorities that could be used to cover each.
Date: 01/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
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Last Updated: 8/16/2021