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Rural Health Information Hub

Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

Traffic Safety Facts, 2019 Data: Rural/Urban Comparison of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities
Reports 2019 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data describing fatal motor vehicle crashes. Provides rural versus urban statistics for fatal motor vehicle crashes by light condition, age group, speeding, alcohol use, seat belt use, and rollover crashes.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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Digital Equity and the Health of Rural Americans
#RuralHealthChat discusses the role of digital equity in healthcare and the barriers to accessing digital tools faced by rural communities. Features experts from the National Rural Health Association, the American Telemedicine Association, and the USDA Rural Development Innovation Center, among others.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Information Hub
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Policies for Reducing Maternal Morbidity and Mortality and Enhancing Equity in Maternal Health: A Review of the Evidence
Examines maternal health in relation to social determinants of health (SDOH), addressing disparities for Black, rural, veteran, and incarcerated mothers. Highlights environmental and healthcare issues, as well as strategies to improve maternal health outcomes through workforce initiatives, data collection, and policy changes.
Author(s): Jodie G. Katon, Daniel A. Enquobahrie, Kate Jacobsen, Laurie Zephyrin
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: Commonwealth Fund
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Championing Health Equity: Experiences from State COVID-19 Health Equity Task Forces
Identifies accomplishments and lessons learned from 10 state COVID-19 health equity task forces. Discusses strategies these task forces implemented to improve health equity efforts in their states.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Duke-Margolis Center for Health Policy, National Academy for State Health Policy, National Governors Association
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QuickStats: Infant Mortality Rates For Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Counties, by Single Race and Hispanic Origin — National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2019
Bar chart showing metropolitan and nonmetropolitan infant mortality rates for infants of non-Hispanic White mothers, non-Hispanic Black mothers, American Indian/Alaska Native non-Hispanic mothers, Asian non-Hispanic mothers, and Hispanic mothers.
Citation: MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), 70(44), 1561
Date: 11/2021
Type: Chart/Graph
Sponsoring organization: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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Health Disparities in Rural Women
Discusses the health disparities that exist for rural women in all categories of women's health, including obstetric and gynecologic outcomes and access to care. Covers programs to improve healthcare services for rural women and recommendations to reduce health disparities.
Date: 11/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
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Presidential COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force Final Report and Recommendations
Report examining the impacts of COVID-19 on communities of color, tribal communities, rural and remote populations, and underserved communities through a health equity lens, offering proposed actions and outcomes to guide future federal health equity efforts. Highlights community organizations and community-based programs, including rural examples.
Additional links: Presidential COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force Proposed Implementation Plan and Accountability Framework
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health
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Longitudinal Analysis of Neighborhood Food Environment and Diabetes Risk in the Veterans Administration Diabetes Risk Cohort
Results of a study examining the association between neighborhood food environment and risk of type 2 diabetes across communities, with breakdowns by high-density urban, low-density urban, suburban, and rural locations. Features statistics including characteristics of the diabetes risk cohort, and incidence of type 2 diabetes by demographic characteristics, overall and by community type.
Author(s): Rania Kanchi, Priscilla Lopez, Pasquale E. Rummo, et al.
Citation: JAMA Network Open, 4(10)
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
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Health Care in Rural America: Use, Affordability, and Access
Report on rural access to healthcare and the overall health of rural adults age 40 and older based on a survey from November 20 to December 18, 2020. Addresses disparities in health, income, and access to health insurance. Presents data on household income, mental health status, chronic conditions, concerns related to visiting healthcare facilities due to COVID-19, and more.
Additional links: Annotated Questionnaire
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AARP
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Rural–Urban Health Disparities among US Adults Ages 50 and Older
Report examining health disparities for Americans ages 50 and older by rural/urban location and by race/ethnicity. Analyzes rates of healthcare access, health behaviors, and chronic health conditions based on 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data.
Author(s): Beth Carter, Olivia Dean
Date: 10/2021
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: AARP Public Policy Institute
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Last Updated: 5/18/2022