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Rural Health Disparities – Resources

Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.

Impact of Geography and Rurality on Preconception Health Status in the United States
Examines preconception health risk and disparities in women aged 18 to 44 years according to health factors, health behaviors, and sociodemographics. Utilizes 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data to assess for preconception health risk with results broken down by race, age, education, insurance status, income, rural versus urban, and regional location.
Author(s): Madison D. Haiman, Catherine Cubbin
Citation: Preventing Chronic Disease, 20
Date: 11/2023
Type: Document
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Rural Health: Addressing Barriers to Care
An infographic that presents data on rural versus urban health disparities and barriers to healthcare in rural America. Includes interactive data on percentage of rural residents by state, rural life expectancy and chronic health conditions, hospital closures and lack of access to healthcare, rural workforce shortages, and more. Provides strategies to improve rural access to healthcare.
Author(s): Carrie Cochran-McClain
Date: 10/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organizations: National Institute for Health Care Management, National Rural Health Association
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Rural-Urban Disparities in Health Outcomes, Clinical Care, Health Behaviors, and Social Determinants of Health and an Action-Oriented, Dynamic Tool for Visualizing Them
Examines county-level disparities in rural and urban health outcomes and presents a health equity dashboard depicting the disparities. Utilizes 2015 and 2019 County Health Rankings datasets to analyze measures such as health outcomes, clinical care, health behaviors, physical environment, and social and economic factors according to urban, suburban, and rural location.
Author(s): William B. Weeks, Ji E. Chang, José A. Pagán, et al.
Citation: PLOS Global Public Health, 3(10)
Date: 10/2023
Type: Document
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Assessing Access to Digital Services in Health Care–Underserved Communities in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Study
Grouped 3108 counties in the contiguous U.S. based on their access to broadband, access to healthcare, and social vulnerability. Discusses trends in rural counties and regions of the country within these groups and makes recommendations to decrease the digital divide.
Author(s): Diego F. Cuadros, Claudia M. Moreno, F. DeWolfe Miller, Ryosuke Omori, Neil J. MacKinnon
Citation: Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Digital Health, 1(3), 217-225
Date: 09/2023
Type: Document
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Using Wastewater to Overcome Health Disparities among Rural Residents
Highlights health disparities in rural America and the potential for wastewater surveillance as a tool to address disparities. Discusses the use of wastewater surveillance during COVID-19 and in under-resourced locations in South Africa.
Author(s): Rochelle H. Holm, Gina Pocock, Marie A. Severson, et al.
Citation: Geoforum, 144, 103816
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
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Sexual Minorities Are Not a Homogeneous Population: Health Disparity Differences Based on Residence in Rural Versus Urban Settings
Evaluated 210,392 sexual minorities (SMs) between 2015 and 2019 to determine whether rural SMs are at increased risk for chronic disease. Includes discussion of insurance status, gender, rural and urban comparisons, and multiple chronic illnesses.
Author(s): Ethan Morgan, Kathryn Lancaster, Yootapichai Phosri, Janelle Ricks, Christina Dyar
Citation: Rural and Remote Health, 23(3), 8052
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
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Disparities in Cancer Mortality Patterns: A Comprehensive Examination of U.S. Rural and Urban Adults, 1999–2020
Analyzes cancer mortality rates over a 20-year period to observe rural versus urban disparities. Utilizes National Center for Health Statistics data with rural versus urban data breakdowns by type of cancer, race/ethnicity, and sex.
Author(s): Itunu O. Sokale, Syed Ahsan Raza, Aaron P. Thrift
Citation: Cancer Medicine, 12(18), 18988-18998
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
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Working Towards Health Equity in the Rural Space
Podcast episode featuring a discussion with Terry Scoggin, CEO of Titus Regional Medical Center in northeast Texas, and Ben Anderson, Vice President of Rural Health and Hospitals for the Colorado Hospital Association, on how they are working to promote health equity in rural areas.
Date: 08/2023
Type: Audio
Sponsoring organization: American Hospital Association
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Traffic Safety Facts, 2021 Data: Rural/Urban Comparison of Motor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities
Reports 2021 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data describing fatal motor vehicle crashes. Provides rural versus urban statistics for fatal motor vehicle crashes by light condition, age group, speeding, alcohol use, seat belt use, and rollover crashes.
Date: 08/2023
Type: Document
Sponsoring organization: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
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Where You Live Matters: Maternity Care Deserts and the Crisis of Access and Equity
Provides interactive state-by-state data on maternity care deserts in the U.S. Focuses on access, distance to maternity care, availability of family planning services, disparities in prenatal care, chronic health conditions and preterm birth, policy solutions, and more. Includes county-level maps of data as well as accompanying state summaries, infographics, and downloadable reports.
Date: 08/2023
Type: Website
Sponsoring organization: March of Dimes
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Last Updated: 3/18/2024