Selected recent or important resources focusing on Rural Health Disparities.
Health Workforce Strategic Plan
Provides a framework for health workforce improvements and addresses long-standing barriers to strengthening the health workforce. Focuses on recruiting and training health professionals from underserved communities to build a diverse, representative health workforce; ensuring equitable distribution of the workforce across geographic areas and health professions; strengthening the ability of the workforce to deliver high-quality care, including through strengthening cultural and linguistic competency of professionals; and using evidence and data to make better decisions about health workforce education and training investments. Mentions rural throughout.
Comments from Federal National Advisory Committees
Date: 10/2021 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services view details
Which Definition of Rurality Should I Use?: The Relative Performance of 8 Federal Rural Definitions in Identifying Rural-Urban Disparities
Study comparing 8 definitions of rural used by the federal government in order to understand how often the same areas were identified as rural and to measure rural-urban disparities related to socioeconomic status, demographics, healthcare access, and health outcomes. Analyzes 20210 census tract-level spatial data from the U.S. Census Bureau, 2014-2019 5-year American Community Survey (ACS) population estimates, the Provider of Services file, and the National Plan and Provider Enumeration System files from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS).
Author(s): Julianna C. Long, Paul L. Delamater, George M. Holmes Citation: Medical Care, 59, S413-S419 Date: 10/2021 Type: Document view details
COVID-19 Working Paper: Meatpacking Working Conditions and the Spread of COVID-19
Report details the working conditions of meatpacking plants and how they affected the spread of COVID-19 during the first months of the pandemic. Compares manufacturing jobs in rural versus total counties and highlights specific rural counties where meatpacking plants were infected. Discusses occupational characteristics that may have contributed to the spread.
Author(s): Thomas P. Krumel, Jr., Corey Goodrich Date: 09/2021 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: USDA Economic Research Service view details
Disparities in Health Care in Medicare Advantage Associated with Dual Eligibility or Eligibility for a Low-income Subsidy
Shares Medicare Advantage (MA) plan performance data for
specific healthcare quality measures reported in 2019,
which represents care received in 2018. Analyzes and
compares the quality of clinical care for dual-eligible
(DE) beneficiaries, those who qualify for both Medicare and
Medicaid, and Medicare beneficiaries who are eligible for a
Part D low-income subsidy (LIS) with the quality of care
for beneficiaries who do not qualify as DE nor LIS by
racial/ethnic groups and rural status.
Date: 09/2021 Type: Document Sponsoring organization: Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services view details
Rural Healthy People: Where We've Been and Where We're Going
August 25, 2021 webinar presenting key findings from Rural Healthy People 2010 and Rural Healthy People 2020, studying the top 10 rural health priorities for the previous two decades. Presents early findings from the Rural Healthy People 2030 survey and discusses what comes next. Features statistics on mortality rates from diabetes, heart disease, suicide, and cancer, with breakdowns by 6 levels of population density.
Presentation Slides, Transcript
Author(s): Timothy Callaghan, Alva O. Ferdinand, Morgan Kassabian Date: 08/2021 Type: Video/Multimedia Sponsoring organization: Rural Health Research Gateway view details
Physical Activity Barriers and Assets in Rural Appalachian Kentucky: A Mixed-Methods Study
Study examining barriers, resources, and community support for physical activity to address obesity in rural Appalachia, focusing on Martin County, Kentucky. Describes data related to physical activity, social determinants of health, and physical environment for a cohort of 152 people and 34 focus group participants.
Author(s): Natalie Jones, Dierdre Dlugonski, Rachel Gillespie, et al. Citation: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(14), 7646 Date: 07/2021 Type: Document view details
Cancer Mortality and Research Outcomes in a Rural State
Highlights a study exploring the factors contributing to high cancer rates in rural North Dakota. Breaks down cancer data by sex, ethnicity, and geography, among other measures.
Author(s): Mark R. Williamson, Rashid M. Ahmed Citation: Wisconsin Medical Journal, 120(2), 120-126 Date: 07/2021 Type: Document view details