Module 2: Evidence-Based and Promising HIV/AIDS Program Models
Programs that address HIV/AIDS span the HIV/AIDS care
continuum from educational campaigns aimed at the prevention of new HIV cases to the use of telehealth
to expand access to HIV/AIDS treatment and specialty care. These programs can help prevent new HIV infections,
identify individuals with undiagnosed HIV infections, link newly diagnosed individuals to care, help retain
individuals in care, encourage adherence and self-management, and improve the quality of care in rural areas.
Selecting and implementing an HIV/AIDS program model in a rural community involves many important resources and
careful planning, community buy-in, and commitment from partners. The most appropriate program model may depend
on the rural community's needs, the target population, available resources such as space and transportation,
relationships between organizations in the community, HIV/AIDS stigma in the community, and other community
This toolkit describes several evidence-based and promising models that rural communities can implement to
address HIV prevention and treatment.
In this module:
Rural communities may choose to implement one or multiple HIV/AIDS program models in order to target different
prevention and treatment strategies. Many rural communities combine different evidence-based and promising
models to build a comprehensive program that will meet their needs. For more information about models that have
been implemented together, please see Module 3: Program
To learn how to identify and adapt interventions, see Developing a Rural Community Health Program
in the Rural Community Health Toolkit.