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Examples of Evaluation Measures

Rural HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention programs must identify measures to evaluate their activities. Examples of evaluation measures include:

  • Process Measures, which focus on measuring how services are provided. Could include the number of:
    • Condoms distributed
    • HIV tests performed
    • Clinic visits per year
    • Clients connected to a peer navigator
    • Attendees at a workshop or training
    • Eligible clients referred to social services
    • Primary care patients receiving routine HIV screening
    • Partner notifications made by healthcare providers and/or HIV-positive clients
    • Staff members trained to conduct pre- and post-test counseling
    • Newly diagnosed people attending a clinic visit within three months of diagnosis
  • Outcome Measures, which focus on measuring the results or overall achievements of the program.
    • Change in health behaviors over time (e.g. number of unprotected sexual encounters in the last month)
    • Change in the number of patients or clients who have achieved viral suppression
    • Change in attitudes or awareness of HIV risk behaviors
    • Change in policies or legislation related to HIV/AIDS (e.g. criminalization laws, syringe exchange laws)

Resources to Learn More

Measuring HIV Stigma and Discrimination
Technical brief about the state of research on HIV stigma and discrimination. Includes a number of sample questions about attitudes and experiences with stigma for the general public, healthcare workers, and people living with HIV/AIDS.
Author(s): Stangl, A., Brady, L., & Fritz, K.
Organization(s): International Center for Research on Women
Date: 7/2012

Partner Services Evaluation Field Guide
A draft of a partner document to CDC's Recommendations for Partner Services Programs for HIV Infection, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Chlamydial Infection. Written for state and local health departments interested in evaluating their partner services programs. Includes sample objectives, questions, and measures, along with step-by-step guidance based on the CDC Framework for Program Evaluation.
Organization(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Date: 4/2010

Survey Instruments and Scales
Collection of surveys on a number of HIV-related topics for a variety of populations. Includes information about how each instrument was tested for reliability and/or validity. Useful for programs interested in adapting existing measures for their evaluation.
Organization(s): Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco

Topic: Evaluation
Collection of resources for HIV/AIDS program evaluation, including tools, workbooks, reports, and articles about best practices. Contains sample measures for HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programs and activities including dental care, case management, and primary care, as well as client satisfaction.
Organization(s): TARGET Center: Tools for the Ryan White Community