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Examples of Evaluation Measures

Rural HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention programs must identify measures to evaluate their activities. Examples of evaluation measures include:

  • Process Measures, which focus on measuring how services are provided. Could include the number of:
    • Condoms distributed
    • HIV tests performed
    • Clinic visits per year
    • Clients connected to a peer navigator
    • Attendees at a workshop or training
    • Eligible clients referred to social services
    • Primary care patients receiving routine HIV screening
    • Partner notifications made by healthcare providers and/or HIV-positive clients
    • Staff members trained to conduct pre- and post-test counseling
    • Newly diagnosed people attending a clinic visit within three months of diagnosis
  • Outcome Measures, which focus on measuring the results or overall achievements of the program.
    • Change in health behaviors over time (e.g. number of unprotected sexual encounters in the last month)
    • Change in the number of patients or clients who have achieved viral suppression
    • Change in attitudes or awareness of HIV risk behaviors
    • Change in policies or legislation related to HIV/AIDS (e.g. criminalization laws, syringe exchange laws)

Resources to Learn More

Measuring HIV Stigma and Discrimination
Technical brief about the state of research on HIV stigma and discrimination. Includes a number of sample questions about attitudes and experiences with stigma for the general public, healthcare workers, and people living with HIV/AIDS.
Author(s): Stangl, A., Brady, L., & Fritz, K.
Organization(s): International Center for Research on Women
Date: 7/2012

Survey Instruments and Scales
Collection of surveys on a number of HIV-related topics for a variety of populations. Includes information about how each instrument was tested for reliability and/or validity. Useful for programs interested in adapting existing measures for their evaluation.
Organization(s): Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco

Collection of resources for HIV/AIDS program evaluation, including tools, workbooks, reports, and articles about best practices. Contains sample measures for HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programs and activities including dental care, case management, and primary care, as well as client satisfaction.
Organization(s): TARGETHIV: Tools for the Ryan White Community