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Social Determinants of Health

Rural HIV/AIDS programs must consider the needs of the whole person. Social determinants of health are factors that can impact a person's health, functioning, risks, and quality of life. Examples of social determinants of health include:

  • Access to healthcare services
  • Access to educational and economic opportunities
  • Availability of affordable housing and food
  • Public safety
  • Community and social support
  • Culture and social norms

Many rural HIV/AIDS programs provide other resources and support services that can help people living with HIV/AIDS, including:

  • Access to nutrition services, case management, and referrals for substance abuse treatment and specialty care
  • Social events and dinners for people living with HIV/AIDS and their guests
  • Tutoring and educational programs, mentoring, and support groups
  • Access to household supplies and personal items
  • Financial assistance with bills
  • Transportation assistance
  • Support in finding housing

Resources to Learn More

Addressing Social Determinants of Health in the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Tuberculosis
A literature review of innovative approaches to addressing social determinants of health related to HIV, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections, and tuberculosis. It analyzes a range of influencing factors, and how specific populations may be more significantly impacted.
Author(s): Dean, H.D., & Fenton, K.A.
Citation: Public Health Reports, 125(Suppl 4), 1-5
Organization(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Date: 2010

NCHHSTP Social Determinants of Health
Focuses on compiling resources related to social determinants of health for people living with HIV/AID in the U.S. Includes updates and research regarding the state of the issue and practices to improve public health practice related to HIV/AIDS.
Organization(s): National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention