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Rural Health Information Hub

Incarcerated Populations

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that, in 2010, the rate of HIV diagnoses among incarcerated populations in state, federal, and local correctional facilities was five times higher than the rate among people who were not incarcerated. Most incarcerated persons become infected with HIV in their communities rather than in corrections facilities.

The CDC has funded health departments to provide HIV prevention services in jails and prisons and community-based pilots to study effective interventions for incarcerated populations. Rural HIV/AIDS programs are reaching incarcerated populations by visiting corrections facilities and youth detention centers and providing education about HIV.

Resources to Learn More

HIV Among Incarcerated Populations in the United States
Offers specific data on incarcerated populations and HIV, discusses the challenges to HIV prevention, and describes how CDC is providing HIV prevention services in prisons and jails.
Organization(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Date: 2/2018

Prisons and Jails
Offers a repository of legislative and policy related information, news, and blogs focused on incarcerated populations living with HIV in the U.S. Topics cover incarcerated youth and immigrants, HIV testing, access to treatment, harm reduction, disability benefits, and issues on human rights. Includes a user's guide for searching the repository.
Organization(s): The Center for HIV Law & Policy