The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that, in 2010, the rate of HIV diagnoses among
incarcerated populations in state, federal, and local correctional facilities was five times higher than the rate
among people who were not incarcerated. Most incarcerated persons become infected with HIV in their communities
rather than in corrections facilities.
The CDC has funded health departments to provide HIV prevention services in jails and prisons and
pilots to study effective interventions for incarcerated populations. Rural HIV/AIDS programs are reaching
incarcerated populations by visiting corrections facilities and youth detention centers and providing education
Resources to Learn More
HIV Among Incarcerated Populations in
the United States
Offers specific data on incarcerated populations and HIV, discusses the challenges to HIV prevention, and
describes how CDC is providing HIV prevention services in prisons and jails.
Organization(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Prisons and Jails
Offers a repository of legislative and policy related information, news, and blogs focused on incarcerated
populations living with HIV in the U.S. Topics cover incarcerated youth and immigrants, HIV testing, access to
treatment, harm reduction, disability benefits, and issues on human rights. Includes a user's guide for
searching the repository.
Organization(s): The Center for HIV Law & Policy