Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) oversees and
maintains the system of highways, bridges, and tunnels throughout the country. In addition, FHWA
works with states and other agencies to offer guidance and technical assistance on transportation
matters and works to promote increased safety and improved community life.
Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act)
The FAST Act provides funding through the year 2020 for surface transportation infrastructure
planning and investment. As of December 2015, the FAST Act replaced the Moving
Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21)
Act. This federal law superseded several relevant rural transportation programs, including the
Appalachian Development Highway System
Program and the Tribal Transportation
Surface Transportation Block Grant
Program: The Surface Transportation Block Grant Program was created with the passage of the FAST
Act in 2015. It provides funding to state and local agencies for maintenance and development of
surface transportation infrastructure, including bridges, tunnels, bus terminals, federal-aid
highways, and other capital projects. A special rule permits states to spend up to 15% of funds on
rural minor collector roads in areas with a population of 5,000 residents or fewer.
Appalachian Development Highway
System (ADHS) Program: The Appalachian Development Highway System (ADHS) program aims to promote
economic development and growth in the isolated areas of Appalachia. In July 2012, the ADHS program's
source of funding became the Surface Transportation Block Grant. In 2015, the FAST Act allowed an
option for states to opt for a Federal share up to 100% for ADHS projects.
Tribal Transportation Program (TPP):
The Tribal Transportation Program (TPP) provides funds to Tribal governments in order to support the
maintenance and development of roads on tribal lands. TPP is situated in the Office of Federal Lands
Highway and is funded by the Highway
is allocated to tribes based on their population and the road mileage under their jurisdiction.
Agencies that build, maintain, and replace bridges receive special funding from the Federal Highway
Administration through the Highway Bridge
Replacement and Rehabilitation program. Two key components are the National
Historic Covered Bridge Preservation
program, which supports the preservation and restoration of covered bridges listed on the National
Register for Historic Places, and the Discretionary
Bridge program, which provides assistance to replace and seismically retrofit highway bridges.
Resources to Learn More
A Guide to Federal-Aid Programs and
A guide to the programs and projects funded by the Federal-Aid Program Administration, including
eligibility and background information. Also lists all current active programs, with information
about application procedures. While many programs are oriented towards highway creation and
maintenance, some are specifically designed for alternative forms of transportation.
Organization(s): U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration